Now showing items 41-60 of 6618

    • Shape optimisation of cold roll formed sections considering effects of cold working

      Qadir, Sangar; Nguyen, Van Bac; Hajirasouliha, Iman; Ceranic, Boris; Tracada, Eleni; English, Martin; University of Derby; University of Sheffield; Hadley Industries plc (Elsevier, 2021-11-06)
      The design development of new cold roll formed sections can lead to a significant reduction in material costs if the sections are optimised for strength performance considering the effect of shapes and change of material properties by cold working during the manufacturing process. In this paper, the buckling and ultimate strengths of cold roll formed channel and zed sections with intermediate stiffeners under distortional bending were studied using experimentally validated Finite Element (FE) models. The section strength was optimised using FE modelling and optimisation based on Design Of Experiments (DOE) and response surface methodology. A nonlinear FE model was first developed for a referenced section subject to four-point bending tests and the section’s dimensions and material properties were defined as geometric parameters using the DOE technique. A response surface was then used to determine the influences of the stiffeners’ location, shape, size, and cold working at the section corners and stiffener bends during the manufacturing process. A multi-objective genetic algorithm method was deployed to obtain optimal shapes for the sections with maximum buckling and ultimate strengths while keeping the same amount of material used. The results revealed that the ultimate bending moment capacities could be enhanced up to 17% and 25% for the channel and zed sections, respectively. Including the cold working effect had considerable enhancement in the ultimate moment capacities, with a maximum increase of 5%. The results of this study clearly demonstrated an efficient and effective approach to optimise design for strength performance of cold roll formed sections.
    • 'Ephemeral are Gay Gulps of Laughter’: P. B. Shelley, Louis Macneice, and the Ambivalence of Laughter

      Davis, Amanda Blake; University of Sheffield (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020-11-18)
      Ambivalence is the hallmark of Shelley’s poetry, but the ambivalence of Shelley’s often underappreciated wit remains a relatively uncharted area of critical exploration. The characterization of laughter as ‘heartless fiend’ – or ‘heartless friend’ – in Shelley’s sonnet ‘To Laughter’ underscores this very ambivalence while also spotlighting the sociality of laughter. Drawing upon the ancient Greek ambiguities of laughter as socially divisive and socially integrative, laughter in Shelley’s poetry vacillates between ostracizing bursts and harmonizing glee. This essay explores the ambivalence of Shelleyan laughter and its echo in the poetry of Louis MacNeice, prompted by the modern poet’s early interest in ‘a comparison of Shelley & Nietzsche & a deification of laughter’. MacNeice’s realist leanings remain coloured by Romantic predispositions throughout his career. With attention to Shelley and MacNeice’s Classical backgrounds, this essay reveals how Shelleyan laughter echoes throughout MacNeice’s poetry and, in its ambivalence, unveils the extent to which identity is unfixed for both poets.
    • Androgyny as Mental Revolution in Act 4 of Prometheus Unbound

      Davis, Amanda Blake; University of Sheffield (Informa UK Limited, 2020-10-28)
      Apart from in his translation of Plato’s Symposium as The Banquet, the word ‘androgyny’ does not appear within Shelley’s writings, but androgynous images are extant throughout his works. The androgynous union of Asia and Prometheus, the ungendering of Demogorgon, and the Earth and the Moon’s shifting gendered pronouns in Act 4 echo Shelley’s desire for ‘a future state of being’ wherein ‘these detestable distinctions [of male and female] will surely be abolished’. The Banquet is a catalyst for the lyrical drama’s composition, wherein androgyny becomes Shelley’s central strategy for inciting mental revolution in his audience of ideal readers. Shelley assumes the self-ordained role of Plato’s ideal reader through his creative translation of The Banquet, where the mental union of writer and translator radically expands androgyny as the traditional union of the masculine and the feminine to include the psychic union of the poet and the reader. Drawing upon the dialogic, dramatic form of Plato’s text, his subtle instruction of his reader, and his playfulness with gender, Shelley transmutes elements of The Banquet into verse in Prometheus Unbound in order to encourage a mental revolution in his own readership.
    • An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis exploring the experiences of mothers who relate to the term ‘Gender Disappointment’

      Young, Nina; Hallam, Jenny; Jackson, Jessica; Barnes, Christopher; Montague, Jane; University of Nottingham; University of Derby (MAG, 2021-11-19)
      In a western context little is known about what it means to associate with the term gender disappointment - feelings of despair around not having a child of the desired sex. Explore the lived experiences of British women who identify with the term gender disappointment. Six mothers of only sons who desired a daughter participated in a semi-structured interview via an online platform. An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) identified themes which relate to (i) pity, societal expectations of unfulfillment and concerns relating to future mother son relationship (ii) feelings of guilt and shame and (iii) barriers to seeking help and benefits of talking. More awareness relating to gender disappointment and the negative impact it has upon maternal wellbeing is needed. Mothers who identify with gender disappointment would benefit from support from health visitors to enable them to access the help they need.
    • Sustainable Development and the African Union Legal Order

      Ekhator, Eghosa; University of Derby (Oxford University Press, 2021-10-21)
      Sustainable development has been at the centre of discourse in the African Union (AU) and its Member States in recent times. Over time, the AU has developed mechanisms on sustainable development including conventions and different policies and programmes. This chapter critically analyses these mechanisms and their possible implications on the development of sustainable development norms in Africa. This chapter argues that the various AU treaties on the environment and initiatives on sustainable development are an integral part of the emergent AU legal order on the continent. This chapter discusses the utility of the African Charter on Human and People’s Right and Agenda 2063 as integral aspects of sustainable development under the AU and hence contributing to the emergent AU legal order. This chapter focuses on the contribution of the African Charter and Agenda 2063 to the development of sustainable development norms under the AU’s framework.
    • Nature Connectedness and Biophilic Design

      Richardson, Miles; Butler, Carly; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2021-11-26)
      Biophilic design involves creation of built environments that promote connection between humans and nature. While literature reviews show support for the psychological and health benefits of biophilic design, they note that the evidence base is heavily focused on the restorative efficacy of various natural elements (e.g., light, water, wood) and experiences (direct, indirect, space and place). There has been little consideration of Kellert and Calabrese’s (2015) key principles of biophilic design and the holistic approach to design that has nature connection at its heart. This perspective article discusses the biophilic design principles in light of research on the psychological construct of nature connectedness. The research offers empirical support for the importance of key biophilic design principles – the need for repeated and sustained engagement with nature, for encouraging an emotional attachment to settings and places, and for promoting interactions between people and nature that foster a greater sense of relationship and responsibility for human and natural communities. An evidence-based framework for application of biophilic principles and experiences into the design process is proposed. Recommendations for optimising the application and evaluation of biophilic design principles and practices are made, in order to support the wellbeing of humans and nature.
    • Can playing table-top role-play games help children learn?

      Turner, Ian; Morgan, Lewis; University of Derby (Association of Science Education, 2021-11)
    • El deseo de una conexión con otros. Aprendiendo de y con los perros mediante la investigación artística

      Bartram, Angela; University of Derby (Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca, 2021-12)
      El animal, y las cuestiones que le atañen con respecto a su muchas veces compleja relación con la humanidad, cobran relevancia cuando se considera la agencia, la igualdad y las codependencias efectivas. Cómo responden los animales humanos también y tratan a los no humanos, en especial los invitados a nuestros hogares como compañía, es pertinente en el conjunto de los constructos interespecie. Es preciso reconsiderar, revisitar y rebalancear el supuesto de que los animales no humanos son siempre los observados (Berger, 1980), pues esto influye en la manera como los humanos consideran otras especies como cuerpos de valor inferior. Este artículo explora los entresijos, las complejidades y las abundancias productivas en mi proyecto de investigación artística, Be Your Dog (Sea su perro), que se propone justo eso. Discute las perspectivas y especificidades de género, la formación de la manada canina y sus componentes individuales, y la influencia de la galería en la relevancia artística de este proyecto, que explora cómo establecer igualdad por medio de la sincronicidad y la empatía entre especies dentro de un acto creativo.
    • Desiring a Connection with Others: Learning from and with dogs through artistic research

      Bartram, Angela; University of Derby (Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca, 2021-12)
      The animal, and the questions that pertain to it in respect of its often-complex relationship with humanity, are of significance when considering agency, equality and effective co-dependencies. How human animals respond too, and treat non-humans, particularly those invited into our homes to be companions, has pertinency within the assembly of interspecies constructs. That non-human animals are always the observed (Berger, 1980) must be re-examined, re-addressed and re-balanced for it influences how humans consider other species as bodies of lesser value. This article explores the intricacies, complexities and productive abundancies in my artistic research project, Be Your Dog, which aims to do just. It discusses gender perspectives and specificities, the formation of the dog pack and its individual components, and the sway of the gallery on artistic relevance in this project that explores how to establish equality through interspecies synchronicity and empathy within a creative act. Available online in English and Spanish, and in print in Spanish.
    • Making everyday meanings visible- investigating the use of multimodal map texts to articulate young children’s perspectives

      Gowers, Sophia Jane; University of Derby (Sage, 2021-12-08)
      The use of multimodal approaches to articulate young children’s perspectives are evident in a wide range of recent research. This paper explores the creation of multimodal map-texts as a strategy to engage with young children and articulate their perspectives. It describes the development of a flexible map-based approach that was used in home, early years and community settings with children aged four to five years in England. Illustrative examples are included in which children represented and shared their views on the image-based texts they encountered within their everyday lives through the creation of a multimodal map-text. In this approach to research, children are viewed as competent message creators whose engagements encompass a range of modes and media. Consideration was given to young children’s multimodal meaning-making practices throughout the act of mapping, as well as the resulting text. Taking this approach revealed knowledge, perspectives and contextual information which may otherwise have been overlooked. The paper concludes by identifying the contribution that children’s map-texts can make when building a picture of young children’s experiences, and appraises the advantages and limitations of map-making as a strategy for engaging with young children in research.
    • Contextual factors predict self-reported confession decision-making: A field study of suspects’ actual police interrogation experiences.

      Cleary, Hayley; Bull, Ray; University of Derby; Virginia Commonwealth University (American Psychological Association (APA), 2021-08-01)
      This study examined incarcerated persons’ self-reported interrogation experiences and confession decision-making by investigating which sociodemographic, criminological, and contextual factors were associated with their decisions to deny the allegations, partially admit wrongdoing, or fully confess to the crime. We expected that respondents in this field study would report a wide range of interrogation experiences. Given mixed prior findings, we did not formulate hypotheses for sociodemographic or criminological factors, but based on contextual variable research, we predicted that suspects who perceived the evidence against them as strong and who had already decided to confess prior to their interrogation would be more likely to confess. Participants were 249 individuals (86% male; M age = 34.8 years; 49% Black, 41% White, 10% other racial identities) incarcerated in local jails in the United States who completed a questionnaire about their most recent interrogation. Respondents described their interrogation experiences (e.g., location, duration, custody), perceptions of police evidence against them, and thoughts about confession prior to the interrogation. We examined group differences according to confession decision and used multinomial logistic regression to examine how sociodemographic, criminological, and contextual factors relate to suspects’ self-reported confession decisions. Results: Suspects’ interrogation experiences varied considerably, as did their perceptions of custody, beliefs about incriminating evidence, and preinterrogation intent to confess or deny. Sociodemographic characteristics and criminological factors were unrelated to self-reported confession decision-making, but several contextual factors predicted confession outcome. Signing away one’s Miranda rights and already planning to confess predicted suspects’ self-reported confessions, whereas being physically restrained, believing that police had no evidence of one’s guilt, and intending in advance to deny the allegations predicted suspects’ self-reported denials. Suspects who were undecided about confession prior to interrogation were about as likely to eventually confess as deny. Most suspects followed through with their initial intention to confess or deny, and suspects’ perceptions about evidence predicted their self-reported confession. These findings complement existing work focused on interrogation techniques and inform both police interrogation training and practice.
    • Machine Learning based Forecasting Systems for Worldwide International Tourists Arrival

      Mishra, Ram Krishn; Urolagin, Siddhaling; Jothi, J. Angel Arul; Nawaz, Nishad; Haywantee, Ramkissoon; BITS Pilani, Dubai Campus Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Kingdom University, Riffa, Kingdom of Bahrain; University of Derby (The Science and Information Organisation, 2021-11)
      The international tourist movement has overgrown in recent decades, and travelers are considered a significant source of income to the tourism economy. When tourists visit a place, they spend considerable money on their enjoyment, travel, and hotel accommodations. In this research, tourist data from 2010 to 2020 have been extracted and extended with depth analysis of different dimensions to identify valuable features. This research attempts to use machine learning regression techniques such as Support Vector Regression (SVR) and Random Forest Regression (RFR) to forecast and predict worldwide international tourist arrivals and achieved forecasting accuracy using SVR is 99.4% and using RFR is 84.7%. The study also analyzed the forecasting deadlock condition after covid-19 in the sudden drop of international visitors due to lockdown enforcement by all countries.
    • What can we do for nature? A systematic research approach to pro-nature conservation behaviours

      Richardson, Miles; Stupple, Edward J.N.; Sweet, Michael; Barbett, Lea (University of Derby, 2021-12)
      Nature is in trouble. The current levels of anthropogenic biodiversity loss have been classed by experts as a mass extinction. This is likely to have grave consequences for humanity. However, with humanity causing the biodiversity loss, it can also be fought by humanity, presuming action is taken. Research is needed on which actions can be taken by the wider public and how people can be encouraged to do so. There is a multitude of literature on general pro-environmental behaviours, however, conservation practitioners lament the lack of research on nature specific actions. This thesis set out to create a systematic research approach to those nature specific actions which were named pro-nature conservation behaviours. Based on research in pro-environmental behaviours, four steps to this research were set: (1) Defining and measuring the behaviour; (2) Understanding the antecedents of the behaviour; (3) Developing targeted interventions; (4) Evaluating the interventions. This thesis completed the first step and provided some first insights into the second step. Pro-nature conservation behaviours were defined based on both their ecological impact on nature and their goal orientation, meaning they need to objectively support nature conservation and subjectively be done by people with the aim to support nature conservation. An expert ranked list of possible behaviours was created, including small actions that one can take in their own garden as well as more politically driven actions, such as contacting local government about nature conservation issues. Then, using psychometric methods, a questionnaire scale measuring tool, the Pro-Nature Conservation Behaviour Scale (ProCoBS), was developed and validated. This resulted in a long and short form for adults, as well as a child version including only behaviours accessible to people under the ages of 16-18. The scale was found to have two subscales, one concerning behaviours in the garden and the other one civil actions. An overview of the adoption of pro-nature conservation behaviours in the public and influences of some demographic factors showed that while there is engagement, this could be improved and demographic variables impact behaviour. For example, women acted more often than men and people living rurally acted more often than people living in urban areas. Age also had an impact, interestingly showing different directions depending on the subscale. Finally, the influences of variables known from general behavioural research as well as research on pro-environmental behaviours on pro-nature conservation behaviours were examined. Based on the findings the efficiency of focusing on the so-called Value-Action gap was questioned, suggesting the Intention-Behaviour Gap to be more easily bridged. Further, it was shown that both an approach building on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, as well as an approach centring nature connectedness, could provide worthwhile insights into pro-nature conservation behaviours. Here, again, slight differences between the subscales were found. Connecting people to nature could be a key step in the efforts to protect biodiversity. Future research may profit from focusing not only on how to use nature connectedness to encourage pro-nature conservation behaviours but also how pro-nature conservation behaviours can improve nature connectedness.
    • The Benefits of Loneliness

      McCrory, Moy; Thompson, Luke Matthew (University of Derby, 2021-11-17)
      Homo sapiens are a social species. Loneliness, which derives from the perceived disconnection of oneself from a valued social collective, is a core facet of the social aspect of human existence. In research, loneliness is often oversimplified, represented as a purely negative emotion that is harmful to one's health and well-being. This thesis undoes this common perception by drawing attention to the multifaceted nature of loneliness, both its negatives and its positives. It demonstrates that loneliness, while harmful if unaddressed, can also be a source of artistic expression, that it can provide an increased awareness of natural beauty and an appreciation for the world, and can facilitate greater, more meaningful connection between individuals. To achieve this aim, the thesis consists of two parts: an academic investigation, and a creative investigation in the form of a novel.
    • Behavioural additionality of network membership for individual members

      Lynch, Nicola; Powell, Melanie; Rambukwella, Sumedha (University of Derby, 2021-10-29)
    • Design for Planet: Climate Action Workshop and Pledges

      Jones, Rhiannon; Barend, Slabbert; V&A Dundee; University of Derby (V&A Dundee, 2021-11-08)
      The aim of the study was to capture the impact of the Design for Planet S.H.E.D project work, which contains 1) A school workshop 2) Conference delegates making pledges for the planet 3) Public consultation optional activity with 6 questions. This will be alongside a bespoke artistic installation and workshop on the participants and find out what benefits it may have given them. We will gain the impressions of the public and school children from Dundee who will attend a S.H.E.D Workshop to make placards about climate change at large who come and engage with the installation at the V&A Dundee where we will be installed for Design Council Uk, Design for Planet COP26 Summit. The objectives for the study was to Install a bespoke Design for Planet S.H.E.D at the V&A Dundee that would facilitate a conversation with the public and as a result of its design bring school children on site to the V&A Dundee. Through this, we were able to better understand how this has changed (if at all) the visibility and thinking of participants who have contributed to the exhibit and workshop. We were also able to measure the impact on the participants/public, how (if at all) has this changed their perspectives on Design and climate change and their place in the Climate Challenge. The outcome of this research enquiry captured the thinking of young people in Dundee and the city on the issue of climate change. This was achieved through the methodology of creative place-making through the use of S.H.E.D as a co-designed space. This collaborative initiative between VandA Dundee, Design Council, Uk, University of Derby, Designing Dialogue CIC, National Justice Museum, The University of Derby, Claypotts Castle PS School Dundee. Dr Jones was invited by Design Council CEO to install, working with the V&A Dundee Learning team and Designing Dialogue CIC we were able to deliver a schools workshop to capture thoughts of Dundee school children manifested in placards and potted seeds and other artworks from National justice museum and shed partners. The pledge board, invited VIP delegates at the summit to pledge to the planet something tangible they will do and this will be captured on an installation panel wall within S.H.E.D, pledges were live etched in wood. This will fed into capturing of pledges, dissemination work and research into global design leaders thinking in 2021 and as a resource for the Design Council, uk. The workshop collected photos, audio and podcast material from the school children and engaged them in the research enquiry into creative place-making through the use of co-desing to facilitate change for the climate and the planet. It also continues to test the working methodology of Dr Jones through the use of S.H.E.D as a space for designing dialogue.
    • Impact of occupational therapy in an integrated adult social care service: Audit of Therapy Outcome Measure Findings

      Davenport, Sharon J.; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-09-21)
      Health and social care services should demonstrate the quality of their interventions for commissioners, patients and carers, plus it is a requirement for occupational therapists to measure and record outcomes. Use of the “Therapy Outcome Measure” (TOMs) standardised tool was implemented by an occupational therapy adult social care service to demonstrate outcomes from April 2020, following integration to a community NHS Trust. The aim was to demonstrate occupational therapy outcomes in adult social care through a local audit of the TOMs. The objective was to determine if clients improved following occupational therapy intervention in the four domains of impairment, activity, participation and wellbeing/carer wellbeing. 70 cases were purposively sampled over a 2-month timeframe, extracting data from the local electronic recording system. Occupational therapy in adult social care clearly makes an impact with their client group and carers. Evidence from the dataset demonstrates clinically significant change, as 93% of clients seen by adult social care occupational therapy staff showed an improvement in at least one TOMs domain during their whole episode of care. 79% of activity scores, 20% of participation scores and 50% of wellbeing scores improved following intervention. 79% of carer wellbeing scores improved following occupational therapy. Research limitations/implications The audit did not collect data on uptake from the separate teams (equipment, housing, STAR and adult social care work) in occupational therapy adult social care. Potential sampling bias occurred as cases with completed scores only were purposively sampled. Sampling was not random which prevented data gathering on uptake of TOMs across the separate teams. Additionally, the audit results can only be applied to the setting from which the data was collected, so has limited external validity. These novel findings illustrate the valuable and unique impact of occupational therapy in this adult social care setting. The integration of adult social care into an NHS Community Trust has supported the service to measure outcomes, by utilising the same standardised tool in use by allied health professions across the Trust.
    • Building Compassionate Schools: Pilot Study of a Compassionate Mind Training Intervention to Promote Teachers’ Well-being

      Matos, Marcela; Palmeira, Lara; Albuquerque, Isabel; Cunha, Marina; Pedroso Lima, Margarida; Galhardo, Ana; Maratos, Frances; GIlbert, Paul; University of Coimbra, Portugal; Universidade Portucalense, Infante D. Henrique, Porto, Portugal; et al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-10-22)
      Mounting research has supported the beneficial effects of compassion-based interventions for improving psychosocial and physiological well-being and mental health. Teachers present a high risk of professional stress, which negatively impacts their mental health and professional performance. It is crucial to make compassion cultivation a focus in educational settings, supporting teachers in coping with the school context’s challenges, and promoting their mental well-being. This study aims to test the feasibility of the Compassionate Mind Training programme for Teachers (CMT-T), as well as to preliminary explore possible mechanisms of change. Participants were 31 teachers from one public school in the centre region of Portugal, who underwent the CMT-T, a six-module Compassionate Mind Training group intervention for teachers. Feasibility was assessed in six domains (acceptability, implementation, practicality, adaptation, integration, and preliminary effectiveness), using self-reports, overall programme assessment, attrition, attendance, and home practice. Using a pre-post within-subject design, changes were assessed in self-reported psychological distress, burnout, well-being, compassion, and self-criticism. Mediation analysis for repeated measures designs was used to explore mechanisms of change. The CMT-T was feasible in all the six domains. Participants revealed significant decreases in depression, stress, and fears of compassion to others, as well as significant increases in compassion to others, self-compassion, and compassion to others’ motivations and actions after the CMT-T intervention. When self-criticism was controlled, decreases in burnout and increases in satisfaction with professional life, and self-compassion, were also found. Fears of compassion for others mediated the impact of CMT-T on teachers’ burnout, and self-compassion mediated the intervention effect on psychological well-being. This pilot study provides evidence that CMT-T is feasible and may be effective in promoting teachers’ compassionate motivations, attributes, and actions towards others and themselves and improving their mental health and well-being. These promising findings warrant further investigation within a randomized controlled trial.
    • Gut-Derived Endotoxin and Telomere Length Attrition in Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes

      Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Abdi, Saba; Sabico, Shaun; Alnaami, Abdullah M.; Wani, Kaiser A.; Ansari, Mohammed G. A.; Khattak, Malak Nawaz Khan; Khan, Nasiruddin; Tripathi, Gyanendra; Chrousos, George P.; et al. (MDPI AG, 2021-11-14)
      Premature aging, as denoted by a reduced telomere length (TL), has been observed in several chronic inflammatory diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no study to date has addressed the potential inflammatory influence of the gut-derived Gram-negative bacterial fragments lipopolysaccharide, also referred to as endotoxin, and its influence on TL in low-grade inflammatory states such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The current study therefore investigated the influence of endotoxin and inflammatory factors on telomere length (TL) in adults with (T2DM: n = 387) and without (non-diabetic (ND) controls: n = 417) obesity and T2DM. Anthropometric characteristics were taken, and fasted blood samples were used to measure biomarkers, TL, and endotoxin. The findings from this study highlighted across all participants that circulating endotoxin (r = −0.17, p = 0.01) was inversely associated with TL, noting that endotoxin and triglycerides predicted 18% of the variance perceived in TL (p < 0.001). Further stratification of the participants according to T2DM status and sex highlighted that endotoxin significantly predicted 19% of the variance denoted in TL among male T2DM participants (p = 0.007), where TL was notably influenced. The influence on TL was not observed to be impacted by anti-T2DM medications, statins, or anti-hypertensive therapies. Taken together, these results show that TL attrition was inversely associated with circulating endotoxin levels independent of the presence of T2DM and other cardiometabolic factors, suggesting that low-grade chronic inflammation may trigger premature biological aging. The findings further highlight the clinical relevance of mitigating the levels of circulating endotoxin (e.g., manipulation of gut microbiome) not only for the prevention of chronic diseases but also to promote healthy aging.
    • ‘The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few’ Support for children with SEND in times of austerity

      Bloor, Andy; university of derby (Routledge, 2020-10-20)
      This chapter considers some of the moral and theoretical perspectives around the debate surrounding the allocation of resources in schools in recent times. It examines if there are any moral imperatives around the debates on how we fund education for all children, but particularly those with a Special Educational Need and Disability (SEND). The author explores what responses we can and should make when faced with difficult choices around funding and what current theory and argument can do to support us in making considered, proactive, positive and empowering choices.