Now showing items 21-40 of 6560

    • An analysis of social marketing practice: factors associated with success

      Akbar, Bilal; Garnelo-Gomez, Irene; Ndupu, Lawrence; Barnes, Elizabeth; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University; University of Reading; University of Derby; University of Stirling (Taylor and Francis, 2022-11-16)
      This paper aims to identify factors that contribute to the success of current social marketing practices. These factors include setting clear behavior change objectives and segmentation that informs communication and messaging strategies. Other factors include rigorous research (consumer research, formative research, literature review), pre-testing of interventions, developing a partnership approach, using planning methodologies/theories, and monitoring and evaluation. These success factors could be used for policymakers, governments, agencies and social marketers delivering interventions focussed on healthy lives and well-being. The examples given in this study illustrate how these factors can be achieved, providing a focus for discussion and emulation.
    • THE RELEVANCE OF IDENTITY MANAGEMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELECTED SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

      Boakye, Charles Kwabena (University of Derby, 2021-10-29)
      The territorial formations of African modern nation-states, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Zambia, discussed in this study are unique in their development since the levers for rationalizing the obligations of duty and concern between the nation’s administrative structures and the indigenous nation-community were imposed by ‘colonial settlers’ with neither ethnic nor native allegiance to the indigenous inhabitants. The motivation for the ‘colonial settlers’ ranges from the formation of a nation-state superimposed on existing ethnic nations for an imported community of black people unable to find accommodation as legitimate identities elsewhere, to the financial prospecting for wealth. Regardless of the motivation for colonial settlements, in all three instances of territorial conversion into modern nation states, the colonial identity structures clashed with the ethnic nation’s identity structures. The imported identity traditions used to establish legitimate and functional identities of the nation-state subverted and replaced the pre-colonial ethnic nation’s customs and mechanisms used for identifying the people of the ethnic nation. This subversion disrupted the relationship between the inhabitants of the nation-community, their inherited allegiance to the nation-state and the associations between the indigenous inhabitants and the settlers. Consequently, this thesis seeks to examine the fractures in the evolution of national-identity within nation-states that have used unfamiliar European and colonial identity management structures and mechanisms. While the Liberia and Sierra Leone systems of identity administration that have resulted in nation-state collapse contrast with the endurance and integrity of Zambia’s national-identity ecosystem, all three countries based their systems on the unfamiliar European national identity structures and mechanisms. Using qualitative analysis, and inductive logic, the thesis rejects Davis and Huttenback’s theory that views the national identities of post-colonial communities as a result of the transformation of the component identities of the indigenous inhabitants and ‘colonial settlers’. Further, it challenges Basil Davidson, and Walter Rodney’s wholesale renunciation of modernity in the identity-management ecosystems of these nation-states. The findings of the study revealed that as much as primordial ethnic identity anchors remain strong, purposely designed national identity instruments and tools that promote recognition, equity and parity such as Zambian Humanism, will sustain multiple ethnic identities within a structured nation-state. Building on the research, the study recommends a blended approach to identity management in sub-Saharan nation-states conceived to promote sustained national identity ecosystems for development and patria potestas in contrast to imported and completely alien national identity solutions in the nation formation process.
    • Education as a catalyst for the social inclusion of people with learning disabilities

      Robinson, Deborah; Codina, Geraldene; Strogilos, Vasilis; Dimitrellou, Eleni; University of Derby; University of Southampton (Wiley, 2021-11-15)
      Our editorial for this special issue on ‘Education as a catalyst for social inclusion’ is divided into two sections. The first section focuses on the gaps in applied research in learning disability that this issue attempts to address. The second section outlines how each of the articles in this issue broadens our understanding of how education may catalyse (or sometimes restrict) social inclusion. These articles combine to enrich the data and debate available to people with learning disabilities, their families and advocates, policy makers and professional leaders about how to strengthen education’s capacity to enrich social inclusion.
    • The Impact of Enterprise and Entrepreneurship Education on Regional Development

      Bozward, David; Rogers-Draycott, Matthew; Smith, Kelly; Mave, Mokuba; Curtis, Vic; Aluthgama-Baduge, Chinthaka Jayananda; Moon, Rob; Adams, Nigel; Royal Agricultural University; University of Birmingham; et al. (ISBE, 2021-10-29)
      The paper explores the ways in which enterprise and entrepreneurial education (EEE), delivered by HEI’s, impacts regional development. To do this we analysed several datasets from The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) and the Office for National Statistics (ONS) focusing on the ways in which HEI start-up activity impacts indicators including GDP and employment. This highlights where further research and investment is needed to ensure a consistent regional development policy which we believe aligns with the conference's focus on connecting practitioners and policymakers to create a genuine change in regional disparities.
    • Investigating the benefits of Family learning (FL) with parents

      Lumenze, Chinenye; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021-11-03)
      This study investigates the benefits of Family Learning (FL) with parents. It seeks to establish how FL can be used as a tool to address poverty, promote health and provide quality education for all.
    • Climate Change Adaptation in West Africa: A critical analysis of climate change adaptation policies and their implications for coastal communities in West Africa

      Backler, Scott; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021)
      The UNFCCC, (2019) identifies climate change as a “threat multiplier” meaning that a sizeable amount of the UNs 17 Sustainable Development Goals are at threat from climate change. The recently published sixth assessment report by the IPCC further highlights that climate change is now at some level an unavoidable reality (IPCC, 2021). Whilst many West African coastal countries have adaptation framework to respond to the threat of climate change, several studies have highlighted an apparent gap in policy implementation, meaning that the policies are not as effective as intended at a grassroots level (Boateng, 2018; Davies-Vollum, Raha, and Koomson, 2021). Aims: 1. To critically analyse the institutional and organisational structure of climate change adaptation (CCA) policies and strategies in West African Coastal Countries. 2. To evaluate socio-cultural or socio-economic issues influencing policy implementation at a grassroots level. 3. To recommend alternative systematic policies or practical processes that could enable successful implementation of climate change adaption plans. Academic supervisors for this project - Dr Debadayita Raha & Dr Sian Davies-Vollum.
    • Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria: Barriers, Prospects and Strategies

      Ekhator, Eghosa; Miller, Servel; Etinosa, Igbinosa; University of Derby; University of Chester; University of Benin, Nigeria (Routledge, 2021-11-08)
      This book explores Nigeria’s progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, presenting key country-specific lessons, as well as providing innovative solutions and practices which are transferrable to other emerging economies. Despite all of Nigeria’s potential, and substantial oil revenues, poverty remains widespread and the country faces many challenges. The contributors to this book provide comparative historical and contemporary analysis of the main challenges for achieving progress in the SDGs, and make recommendations for the most effectives ways of developing, adopting, disseminating and scaling them. Starting with the conceptualisation and evolution of the SDGs, the book goes on to consider the goal on ending poverty, and the urgent need to combat climate change and its impacts. The book also reflects on the role of business and taxation, and the cultural and societal dimensions of the SDGs, including education, gender, and the role of the church. Overall, the book focuses on knowledge/implementation gaps and the role of collaborative partnerships and disruptive technologies in implementing the framework in general. This book will be of interest to scholars, policy makers and practitioners of sustainable development and African studies, as well as those with a particular interest in Nigeria.
    • Should Career Development be a Chartered Profession?

      Moore, Nicki; University of Derby (Career Development Institute, 2021-10-01)
      Over the last year the CDI has been exploring the possibility of a Charter for the career development profession. This article presents findings from research which explores the topic.
    • What has digital technology done for us and how can we evolve as a sector to make best use of what it has to offer?

      Moore, Nicki; University of Derby (NICEC, 2021-04-01)
      The need for career development practitioners to develop digital skills is a subject which has been revisited many times. This article draws on research undertaken in the UK in 2019 to establish the barriers and enablers in the use of technology to delivery career guidance and the training needs of the career development workforce to make the most of what digital technology has to offer. The research found that career development practitioners were using digital technology and applications both in their practice with clients and in the way they manage their business. This has prepared them to respond to the challenges in delivering career development services that the COVID 19 pandemic presented.
    • ThisIsDerby – Reimagine, Year 2 Report

      Nunn, Alexander; Bowers-Brown, Tamsin; Turner, Royce; University of Derby (Derby Theatre, 2021-10)
    • Mechanical Engineering Design, Learning from the Past to Design a Better Future

      Sole, Martin; Barber, Patrick; Turner, Ian; The University of Derby (Loughborough University, 2021-11-07)
      The economic importance of design, and design engineers to the success of a company has led to the exponential growth in the demand for qualified design engineers. To fill this demand, colleges and universities provide the best training available so that, after graduation these engineers will provide significant input from the first day of work. We live in a time known as industry 4.0 or the 4th Industrial Revolution, where computer power rules and takes on greater tasks, freeing up time for the design engineer to design more and more complex designs. Sometimes, it is good to stop, and take a breath to review our practices and remind ourselves of things we may have forgotten. It is true that we can design complex mechanisms and systems, in times past many of these would not be possible. But can we learn or be reminded of good practice by taking a journey through some of the design methods from the past. This paper will travel back to the 2nd century BC and look at cutting edge water pump design and the importance of a good literature review. It will highlight a serious gap in knowledge when comparing full-time and part-time students in our modern age. Airship design will be reviewed, the R100, R38 and R101 to remind us of the need to cross check design calculations. Looking at the beauty of Concorde design will remind us of the requirement in any design of good planning and regular meetings. This journey will finish by looking at the design process of the Boeing 777 commercial airliner, one of the first designs to use Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Manufacture (CAM). The use of Design Build Teams (DBT) with cross-disciplinary experts who can reside anywhere in the world will be considered. The reviewed historical examples may at first glance appear happen-stance but are in fact linked, and demonstrate a continuing growth in the ability, knowledge, complexity, and techniques of engineering design. This step back in time will remind teachers of some basic principles when teaching design to future design engineers. Designs have become more complex in this modern age, but it would be incorrect to say that complex design did not exist in times past. Before the internet, aircraft were built, global communication systems existed, men went to the moon.
    • Strange Affiliation

      Clegg, Matthew; University of Derby (Routledge, 2021-02-26)
      In considering a poetry of silence, this chapter asks how might poets empathise, or identify with the disenfranchised? How might they employ the technique of personae, or mask voice, to explore that identification, or give voice to the silenced? In Joseph Conrad’s story, ‘The Secret Sharer’ (1910), a sea captain feels a powerful affinity with a fugitive, often referring to him as his ‘double’ or ‘second self’. To what extent can poets also be ‘secret sharers’? How might this practice go beyond the limitations of conventional identity politics? In giving voice to the silenced, how can a poet avoid exploiting or misrepresenting their subject? Through empathy and identification with disenfranchised groups or individuals, can poets cross boundaries of gender, race or socio-economic grouping? An exploration of this perspective on the role and function of poetry expands on key aspects of process, poetics and technique as active challenges to repressive silence, to furnish a means of articulating what might otherwise remain unvoiced. This reveals how practical engagement with a particular writerly dilemma – the imperative to speak as if on behalf of another – reveals something deeper about the nature of poetry.
    • A spotlight on acceptance and commitment therapy

      Ducasse, Déborah; Van Gordon, William; Courtet, Philippe; University of Derby (Edizioni Minerva Medica, 2021-09-28)
      There is increasing scientific interest into third-wave cognitive behavioral therapies, which include a range of interventions advocating awareness of both oneself and the present moment. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is one such third-wave therapeutic modality, which employs a “self as context” framework. ACT aims at changing the relationship to one’s sensorial and automatic psychological events, leading to decreased experiential avoidance. However, there is a lack of awareness as to the range of health conditions for which empirical findings appear to support the therapeutic delivery of ACT. There also exists some confusion in terms of the key Eastern contemplative principles that underlie the conceptual and therapeutic framework of ACT. Consequently, the present paper briefly outlines the key conceptual and therapeutic principles that ACT embodies, provides a high-level map of current directions in ACT treatment research, and discusses challenges and future directions. ACT appears to be an effective treatment for a range of psychological and somatic disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and chronic pain. However, further studies using randomized controlled trial designs are required to better understand the other health conditions for which ACT is likely to be an effective treatment. Furthermore, there is a need for greater understanding as to the most appropriate means by which ancient contemplative principles should be integrated into ACT approaches, as well as other therapeutic modalities likely to be compatible with the ACT approach.
    • Dark Fringes: Complexity and Emergence in Realist Collage

      Bosward, Marc; University of Derby (2019-06-13)
      The paper will present practice research at the intersection of collage, animation, found footage film and documentary. The research investigates the capacity of the fragmented, layered language of collage to engage the stratified, laminated reality advanced by the philosophy of critical realism. In contrast to empiricism and idealism, critical realism recognises the socially embedded, material and historically situated basis of knowledge production. In response, the research pursues a multivocal and pluralist approach to representation that the paper claims is necessary in apprehending the dense complexity of social relations. The project examines the status of archive footage as evidence of the multiple mechanisms and structures that have generated historical events. This draws from the critical realist concept of emergence in interrogating how the meaning of archive materials is mediated thorough the convergence of layers in collage aesthetics. This suggests that the spaces at the fringes of collage fragments can address the tension and exchange between facts and values in the negotiation of reality. The paper argues for the recognition of the interstitial space between and around evidence and facts, advancing an approach to realism open to the role of imagination and narrative in how we understand the world. In reference to the politics of layered realities, collage is suggested as a tool for challenging reductive accounts of the social world that obscure the power relations that determine events. Specifically, through aligning a critical realist engagement with intersectionality with postcolonial and Marxist perspectives, the work aims to contribute to the decolonisation of the mainstream media’s representation of the working classes and social history.
    • Layered Realities and the Narration of History

      Bosward, Marc; University of Derby (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020-12-17)
    • Contemplative Psychology: History, Key Assumptions, and Future Directions

      Van Gordon, William; Sapthiang, Supakyada; Shonin, Edo; University of Derby; Awake to Wisdom Centre for Meditation and Mindfulness Research (SAGE Publications, 2021-06-29)
      Contemplative psychology is concerned with the psychological study of contemplative processes and practices, such as meditation, mindfulness, yoga, introspection, reflection, metacognition, self-regulation, self-awareness, and self-consciousness. Although contemplative psychology borders with other psychological and nonpsychological disciplines, some of its underlying assumptions distinguish it from other remits of psychological and scholarly inquiry, as do its component areas of empirical focus, conceptual nuances, and challenges. Furthermore, the discipline has tended to be somewhat disparate in its approach to investigating the core techniques and principles of which it is composed, resulting in a need for greater intradisciplinary and interdisciplinary awareness of the commonalities and differences of core contemplative psychology attributes. As a remedy to these issues, in this article, we adopt a whole-discipline perspective and aim to explicate contemplative psychology’s history, breadth, key assumptions, challenges, and future directions.
    • A Novel Mindful Nature Connectedness Intervention Improves Paranoia but Not Anxiety in a Nonclinical Population

      Muneghina, Orso; Van Gordon, William; Barrows, Paul; Richardson, Miles; University of Derby (Mary Ann Liebert Inc, 2021-09-03)
      Paranoia and anxiety are both recognized as experiences that are widespread in the general population. Studies have investigated the use of brief mindfulness-based interventions on both conditions, with encouraging results among nonclinical populations in particular. However, there is also promising evidence for the effectiveness of brief nature connectedness interventions on anxiety and mental health more generally. Since mindfulness has been shown to allow individuals to feel more connected to nature, and given that connection to natural environments can foster mindfulness and mental health, this study aimed to investigate the combined effects of a brief online mindful nature connectedness intervention (B-MNCI) on paranoia and anxiety. A total of 72 participants of nonclinical status were randomly allocated to either an online B-MNCI (10 min of daily guided meditation practice over 5 consecutive days) or a waitlist control group. Measures of paranoia, anxiety, mindfulness, and nature connectedness were taken at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and at 2 weeks follow-up. Findings indicated that compared with the control group, the B-MNCI showed significant improvements in nature connectedness and paranoia, with changes maintained at follow-up assessment. However, no significant differences were observed for anxiety and mindfulness scores. The results provide a new approach to bringing about sustained increases in nature connectedness and confirm the relevance of such approaches for improving mental health outcomes. The study also demonstrates the potential utility of an online B-MNCI for people of nonclinical status experiencing paranoia symptoms, including for those who find it difficult to physically venture into nature.
    • The secret language of flowers: insights from an outdoor, arts-based intervention designed to connect primary school children to locally accessible nature.

      Hallam, Jenny; Gallagher, Laurel; Owen, Kay; University of Derby; Urban Wilderness (Routledge: Taylor and Francis, 2021-11-08)
      This paper uses ethnography to explore an outdoor, arts-based intervention run by Urban Wilderness, in partnership with an English primary school. Urban Wilderness are a not-for-profit organisation which aims to connect children and young people from disadvantaged areas to locally accessible nature. Over the course of three afternoon workshops, Urban Wilderness facilitators, a professional artist and teaching staff explored a local park with ten 9–10-year-old children and co-created a sculpture which was exhibited in the park as part of a family festival. Analysis of audio recordings and photographs taken during the workshops explored the ways in which a youth led approach and arts-based methods (i) fostered a sense of connection to the park and (ii) deepened the children’s knowledge about the plants they observed. It is argued that arts-based methods created a sense of presence in nature which fostered close attention to the surrounding environment and reflection upon the children’s relationship with it. The creation of art also facilitated the development of multi-levelled understandings of nature which encompassed identification, folk law and symbolism. As such analysis highlighted the relevance of outdoor learning and a Froebelian approach for older primary school children who are traditionally taught in classroom environments.
    • Proximity collective

      Howard, Rebecca; Atkinson, Anne-Marie; Hall, Antony; Carragher, Ann; Haynes, Jackie; Ford, Sarah-Joy; a-n The Artists Information Company; Manchester Metropolitan University; Abingdon Studios; University of Cumbria (2021-09-29)
      The Coast is Queer was an online two-day event hosted by founding director of Abingdon Studios, Garth Gatrix. The event, which was part of of the a-n Assembly 2021, invited artists and art organisations to participate in discussions around queerness and coastal practices. Following an exhibition at Abingdon Studios in Blackpool, Proximity Collective (an artist group from Manchester, Leeds and Blackpool) were invited to share their own experiences of working both collectively and individually as practicing artists and researchers.
    • Mindful parenting: future directions and challenges

      Cowling, Carly; Van Gordon, William; University of Derby (Informa UK Limited, 2021-08-20)
      Mindful parenting teaches parents to focus awareness on their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, as well as pay attention to their children in an intentional, present-centered and non-judgmental manner. Mindfulness appears to improve the quality of parenting and the parent–child relationship, as well as enhance children’s and parents' levels of resilience and psychological functioning. However, an understanding of the processes and techniques underpinning effective mindful parenting remains constrained due to methodological limitations. These limitations include an over reliance on non-experimental designs, uncontrolled studies, self-report assessments, small sample sizes mostly comprising mothers, and uncertainty with regards to the definitions and meanings of certain concepts and protocols for mindful parenting interventions. In order to examine the effectiveness of mindful parenting interventions, standards need to be established which define the meaning of mindful parenting and identify the correlates, determinants and mechanisms of change in mindful parenting over time, in order to determine modifiable factors so that interventions can be appropriately targeted to vulnerable populations. This paper discusses some of the latest research developments in mindful parenting, provides recommendations for effective mindfulness practice from a parenting context and discusses key future challenges affecting this area of mindfulness research and practice.