What Comes First, the Behavior or the Condition? In the COVID-19 Era, It May Go Both Ways
AffiliationUniversity of Derby
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AbstractWhich came first, the chicken or the egg? This causality dilemma was first proposed by the Greek biographer Plutarch in the 1st century CE. While the cause-effect relationship between lifestyle behaviors and chronic disease is not always a certainty, and genetic predisposition can independently lead to premature chronic disease, the likelihood of developing one or more chronic conditions is significantly higher in those who: (1) lead sedentary lifestyles; (2) consume unhealthy diets; (3) smoke; or (4) have excess body mass. Recently, the Royal College of General Practitioners issued an apology for the title of an online event that suggested the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a lifestyle disease. We feel that this was the correct course of action as leading an unhealthy lifestyle is certainly not the cause for an individual contracting COVID-19 (ie, effect). However, a body of evidence has demonstrated that unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and characteristics as well as being diagnosed with one or more chronic diseases does significantly increase the risk for a complicated medical course in individuals infected with COVID-19. Moreover, the cause-effect relationship between lifestyle behaviors and characteristics and COVID-19 may eventually prove to go both ways, as the pandemic may lead to a higher prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and characteristics over the long term that eventually leads to a higher prevalence of chronic disease. As such, health living medicine must be widely practiced and prescribed to all individuals globally.
CitationArena, R., Lavie, C.J., Faghy, M.A. and Network, H.P., (2021). 'What Comes First, the Behavior or the Condition? In the COVID-19 Era, It May Go Both Ways'. Current Problems in Cardiology, pp. 1-10.
JournalCurrent problems in cardiology
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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