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dc.contributor.authorMacaulay, Peter
dc.contributor.authorSteer, Oonagh L.
dc.contributor.authorBetts, Lucy R.
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-23T10:25:04Z
dc.date.available2021-08-23T10:25:04Z
dc.date.issued2019-11-01
dc.identifier.citationMacaulay, P.J., Steer, O.L. and Betts, L.R., (2020). 'Factors leading to cyber victimization'. In 'Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities'. Cambridge, MA: Academic Publishing, pp. 1-25.en_US
dc.identifier.isbn9780128162033
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/b978-0-12-816203-3.00001-0
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/625956
dc.description.abstractThe proliferation of digital technologies in the past years has seen the adaptation of lifestyles merge between the online and offline domain. The introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has provided numerous beneficial opportunities for individuals, groups and wider organizations. However, the digital world can also lead to online risks and vulnerabilities. This chapter will first discuss definitions of cyber victimization across perspectives of cyber aggression, cyberbullying and cybercrime. The chapter will then go on to consider key features of cyber victimization across these three perspectives. In particular, an overview will be provided on the roles of efficiency of ICTs, the unique facet of anonymity in the digital world, bystanders of cyber victimization and a brief consideration of the bully–victim cycle. This will provide a unique insight into key features of cyber victimization, to provide recommendations for strategies to reduce risks of vulnerability. Finally, key factors leading to cyber victimization across cyber aggression, cyberbullying and cybercrimes will be explored. Specifically, individual demographics, time spent online and wider group influences across the school, home and family structure. A review of contemporary issues surrounding cyber victimization and current security measures are recommended in order to aid vulnerable groups and organizations, contributing to a safer online environment. This chapter offers a current and unique insight into the factors leading to cyber victimization which will provide an important contribution to help guide future researchers, organizations and policymakers addressing this global concern.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/6151en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128162033000010?via%3Dihuben_US
dc.rights.urihttps://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/
dc.subjectCyber aggressionen_US
dc.subjectCyber threatsen_US
dc.subjectCyber victimizationen_US
dc.subjectCyber bullyingen_US
dc.subjectCyber crimeen_US
dc.subjectDigital technologiesen_US
dc.titleFactors leading to cyber victimizationen_US
dc.typeBook chapteren_US
dc.contributor.departmentStaffordshire Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNottingham Trent Universityen_US
dc.source.booktitleEmerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities
dc.source.beginpage1
dc.source.endpage25
dcterms.dateAccepted2019
dc.author.detailN/Aen_US


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