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dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Miles
dc.contributor.authorPassmore, Holli-Anne
dc.contributor.authorLumber, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Rory
dc.contributor.authorHunt, Alex
dc.identifier.citationRichardson, M., Passmore, H.A., Lumber, R., Thomas, R. and Hunt, A., (2021). 'Moments, not minutes: The nature-wellbeing relationship'. International Journal of Wellbeing, 11(1), pp. 1-26.en_US
dc.description.abstractA wealth of literature has evidenced the important role that the greater-than-human natural environment plays in our mental health and wellbeing (reviews by Bratman et al., 2019; Capaldi et al., 2014, 2015; Pritchard et al., 2019). Spending time in nature, engaging with nature directly and indirectly, and a strong sense of nature connectedness (a psychological/emotional connection with nature) have each been shown to positively impact wellbeing. Few studies, however, have examined the importance that various nature-related factors have on our wellbeing when examined in concert with each other, with none including factors of nature connection and engagement. In the current study, using a national United Kingdom sample of 2,096 adults, we provide new insights into this gap in the literature. Our primary focus was on examining, when considered simultaneously, the patterns and relative predictive importance to hedonic wellbeing (i.e., happiness), eudaimonic wellbeing (i.e., worthwhile life), illbeing (i.e., depression and anxiety), and general physical health of five nature-related factors: (1) nature connectedness, (2) time in nature, (3) engagement with nature through simple everyday activities, (4) indirect engagement with nature, and (5) knowledge and study of nature. A consistent pattern of results emerged across multiple analytical approaches (i.e., correlations, linear regression, dominance analyses, commonality analysis), wherein time in nature was not the main (or significant) predictive nature-related factor for wellbeing. Rather, nature connectedness and engaging with nature through simple activities (e.g., smelling flowers) consistently emerged as being the significant and prominent factors in predicting and explaining variance in mental health and wellbeing. Implications for practical application and policy/programme planning are discussed.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Waikatoen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectnature connectednessen_US
dc.subjectgreater-than-human natural environmenten_US
dc.titleMoments, not minutes: The nature-wellbeing relationshipen_US
dc.typeResearch Reporten_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNational Trusten_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Wellbeingen_US

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