Investigating the delivery of health improvement interventions through professional football club community trusts-strengths and challenges
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AbstractThis study audits health improvement provision delivered in/by English professional Football Club Community Trusts and reports the strengths and challenges around the implementation of interventions. Multi-methods design: Data were collected through (i) a review of trust websites (n = 72), (ii) an online survey (n = 34/47.2%) and (iii) semi-structured interviews (n = 11/32.3%) with a sub-sample of trust managers. The review of websites confirms all trusts provided physical activity-led interventions. The online survey showed most managers were male (n = 23/67.7%) and white British (n = 30/88.2%). Two thirds held management roles, (n = 23/67.6%) and represented Championship (n = 12/35.2%), League 1 (n = 13/38.2%) and League 2 clubs (n = 9/26.5%). Trusts provided physical activity and most provided diet (n = 31/91.2%) as well as smoking (n = 20/58.8%) and alcohol (n = 19/55.9%) interventions. Weight management, (n = 25/73.5%), mental health interventions (n = 28/82.4%) were offered. Trusts provided male-specific (n = 20/58.8%), with fewer providing female-specific interventions (n = 15/44.1%). Most trusts (n = 30/88.2%) evaluated interventions. 80.8% (n = 21/26) used public health guidance for programme design, 69.2% (n = 18/26) delivery, 57.7% (n = 15/26) needs assessment and 50% (n = 13/26) evaluation. Interviews and qualitative reports identified strengths including, using football, the ‘club brand’, ‘meeting health needs’ and ‘working as a strategic collaboration with partners’. Challenges included ‘short-term funding staffing, mainstreaming, and evaluating interventions’. Football Community Trusts deliver interventions, but challenges were encountered when implementing these programmes.
CitationPringle, A.R., Zwolinsky, S. and Lozano, L., (2021). 'Investigating the delivery of health improvement interventions through professional football club community trusts-strengths and challenges'. Public Health in Practice, 2, pp. 1-9.
JournalPublic health in Practice
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