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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Shuge
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Ross
dc.contributor.authorWoodman, Tim
dc.contributor.authorPitkethly, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorEnglish, Cedric
dc.contributor.authorNightingale, David
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-07T11:46:59Z
dc.date.available2021-04-07T11:46:59Z
dc.date.issued2021-03
dc.identifier.citationZhang, S., Roberts, R., Woodman, T., Pitkethly, A., English, C., and Nightingale, D. (2021). 'Foresee the glory and train better: Narcissism, goal-setting and athlete training'. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, pp. 1-31.en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/spy0000264
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/625686
dc.description.abstractGrandiose narcissism may be debilitative to athlete training because the opportunity for self-enhancement that motivates narcissists to strive is normally absent in training environments. However, this view ignores the divergent influences of the self-inflated (reflecting over-confidence) and dominant (reflecting willingness for dominance) facets of grandiose narcissism. We expected that self-inflated narcissism would undermine athlete training, but only when dominant narcissism was low. This is because dominant narcissism may serve as the catalyst that drives those with self-inflated narcissism to train well. We further considered goal-setting as a practical means of alleviating the negative influence of self-inflated narcissism in training. Goal-setting provides athletes with an exciting vision of the future and thus can be an important self-enhancement strategy to engage narcissistic athletes in training. In the present study, 321 athletes completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-40) and the goal-setting subscale in the Test of Performance Strategies-3 (TOPS-3). Coaches of these athletes assessed training behaviors using the Quality of Training Inventory (QTI). Self-inflated narcissism predicted higher levels of (coach-rated) distractibility and poorer quality of preparation only when both dominant narcissism and goal-setting were low (and not when either was high). The findings suggest that dominant narcissism and goal-setting protect against the adverse influences of self-inflated narcissism on athlete training. The work underscores the importance of considering grandiose narcissism as a multidimensional construct and supports goal-setting as a useful self-enhancement strategy.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000264en_US
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.subjectself-inflated narcissismen_US
dc.subjectdominant narcissismen_US
dc.subjectgoal-settingen_US
dc.subjectself-enhancementen_US
dc.subjecttraining behaviorsen_US
dc.titleForesee the glory and train better: Narcissism, goal-setting and athlete trainingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2157-3913
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBangor Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEdinburgh Napier Universityen_US
dc.identifier.journalSport, Exercise, and Performance Psychologyen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-02-05
refterms.dateFOA2021-04-07T11:46:59Z
dc.author.detail300565en_US


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