An old dog and new tricks: Genetic analysis of a Tudor dog recovered from the Mary Rose wreck.
AuthorsZouganelis, George D
AffiliationUniversity of Portsmouth
Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Mary Rose Trust, No 3 Dock, H.M Naval Base, Main Road, Portsmouth
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe Tudor warship the Mary Rose sank in the Solent waters between Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight on the 19th of July 1545, whilst engaging a French invasion fleet. The ship was rediscovered in 1971 and between 1979 and 1982 the entire contents of the ship were excavated resulting in the recovery of over 25,000 objects, including the skeleton of a small to medium sized dog referred to as the Mary Rose Dog (MRD). Here we report the extraction and analysis of both mitochondrial and genomic DNA from a tooth of this animal. Our results show that the MRD was a young male of a terrier type most closely related to modern Jack Russell Terriers with a light to dark brown coat colour. Interestingly, given the antiquity of the sample, the dog was heterozygotic for the SLC2A9 gene variant that leads to hyperuricosuria when found in modern homozygotic animals. These findings help shed light on a notable historical artefact from an important period in the development of modern dog breeds.
CitationZouganelis, G.D., Ogden, R., Nahar, N., Runfola, V., Bonab, M., Ardalan, A., Radford, D., Barnett, R., Larson, G., Hildred, A. and Jones, M., (2014). An old dog and new tricks: Genetic analysis of a Tudor dog recovered from the Mary Rose wreck. Forensic science international, 245, pp. 51-57.
JournalForensic science international
- Population structure and genetic history of Tibetan Terriers.
- Authors: Janeš M, Zorc M, Cubric-Curik V, Curik I, Dovc P
- Issue date: 2019 Dec 27
- The globalization of naval provisioning: ancient DNA and stable isotope analyses of stored cod from the wreck of the Mary Rose, AD 1545.
- Authors: Hutchinson WF, Culling M, Orton DC, Hänfling B, Lawson Handley L, Hamilton-Dyer S, O'Connell TC, Richards MP, Barrett JH
- Issue date: 2015 Sep
- Genetic differentiation in pointing dog breeds inferred from microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA sequence.
- Authors: Parra D, Méndez S, Cañón J, Dunner S
- Issue date: 2008 Feb
- Genomic analyses of modern dog breeds.
- Authors: Parker HG
- Issue date: 2012 Feb
- Mutations in the SLC2A9 gene cause hyperuricosuria and hyperuricemia in the dog.
- Authors: Bannasch D, Safra N, Young A, Karmi N, Schaible RS, Ling GV
- Issue date: 2008 Nov