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dc.contributor.authorPenry Williams, Cara
dc.contributor.authorKorhonen, Minna
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-28T15:36:49Z
dc.date.available2020-09-28T15:36:49Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-09
dc.identifier.citationPenry Williams, C., & Korhonen, M. (2020). 'A sociolinguistic perspective on the (quasi-)modals of obligation and necessity in Australian English'. English World-Wide, 41(3), pp. 267–294.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0172-8865
dc.identifier.doi10.1075/eww.00051.pen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/625214
dc.description.abstractThis article examines the distribution and sociolinguistic patterning of (quasi-)modals which express strong obligation/necessity, namely must, have to, have got to, got to and need to, in Australian English. Variationist studies in other varieties of English have had contrasting findings in terms of distributions of root forms, as well as their conditioning by social and linguistic factors. The corpus analysis suggests real-time increased use of need to and decrease in have got to through comparison to earlier findings. The variationist analysis shows quasi-modals have to, have got to and got to as sensitive to speaker age and sex, and a recent increase of have to via apparent time modelling. Linguistic conditioning relating to the type of obligation and subject form is also found. The study contributes to sociolinguistic understanding of this large-scale change in English and the place of Australian English amongst other varieties.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to acknowledge and thank La Trobe University’s Discipline Research Program Grant Scheme for its financial support of this project (CPW) and the Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change at the University of Helsinki for financial support during material collection and data analysis (MK).en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherJohn Benjaminsen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.jbe-platform.com/content/journals/10.1075/eww.00051.penen_US
dc.subjectAustralian Englishen_US
dc.subjectRoot modalityen_US
dc.subjectEpistemic modalityen_US
dc.subjectQuasi-modalsen_US
dc.subjectLanguage changeen_US
dc.subjectApparent timeen_US
dc.subjectAgeen_US
dc.subjectSexen_US
dc.titleA sociolinguistic perspective on the (quasi-)modals of obligation and necessity in Australian Englishen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1569-9730
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derby (CPW)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentLa Trobe University (Victoria, Australia) (CPW)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMacquarie University (New South W,ales Australia) (MK)en_US
dc.identifier.journalEnglish World-Wideen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-05-11
dc.author.detail786697en_US


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