Expanding hermeneutic horizons: Working as multiple researchers and with multiple participants
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe double hermeneutic is a central feature of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Typically, this has been considered in relation to individual researchers working with experiential accounts from individual participants. IPA has, however, frequently been applied by multiple researchers; a further layer of complexity occurs when individual or multiple researchers analyse data from group interactions. Little attention has been paid to hermeneutic considerations in these contexts. We present insights into our encounters with multiple hermeneutics as well as our application of the hermeneutic circle; we also consider implications for IPA research. Our multi-vocal approach to analysis requires us to work in a much more integrative manner than is generally represented in IPA literature. Explicitly attending to multiple hermeneutics in focus group situations provides additional insights into the social and cultural contexts within which participants’ experiences exist. This article discusses how the inclusion of multiple hermeneutics adds richness and robustness to IPA.
CitationMontague, J., Phillips, E., Holland, F. and Archer, S., (2020). 'Expanding hermeneutic horizons: Working as multiple researchers and with multiple participants'. Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences, 1(1), pp. 25-30.
JournalJournal of Research Methods in Medicine and Health Sciences
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Multiple emotions, multiple selves: compassion focused therapy chairworkBell, Tobyn; Montague, Jane; Elander, James; Gilbert, Paul; University of Derby (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2021-07-19)Compassion focused therapy (CFT) is rooted in an evolutionary view of the human mind as formed of a multitude of contrasting, and often conflicting, motivations, emotions and competencies. A core aim of the therapy is to help clients understand the nature of their mind in a way that is de-pathologizing and de-shaming. The approach is also focused on the cultivation of compassion to work with these difficult aspects of mind. CFT includes the ‘multiple-selves’ intervention which involves the differentiation of threat-based emotion and an exploration of their conflict. Compassion is then applied to the client’s affective world to aid regulation and integration. This paper focuses on clients’ experiences of a chairwork version of multiple-selves, wherein clients personify their emotions in separate chairs. Nine participants with depression were interviewed directly following the intervention and the resulting data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three interconnecting themes were identified: appreciating emotional complexity; the role of chairwork process; and compassionate integration. The results highlight the importance of emotional differentiation in understanding internal multiplicity and conflict in depression, and the role of compassion in creating a sense of personal coherence. The embodied and enactive nature of chairwork was found to be of benefit in identifying and separating emotion, and in developing new forms of self-relating. The paper discusses the clinical implications of such findings for the treatment of depression.
Multiple interpretations of child art–the importance of context and perspective.Hallam, Jenny L.; Lee, Helen A. N.; Das Gupta, Mani; University of Derby (2012)Research mapping out children’s artistic development has largely followed what Wilson has (1997a) termed a modernist framework in which standardised rating scales are used to uncover universal laws of drawing development. This paper researches the interpretation of children’s artwork from a postmodern framework and addresses how aesthetic values shape the way art is conceptualised. A viewer centric analysis focuses on case studies of masks created by 10-11 year old children in an English Year 6 art lesson. A qualitative thematic analysis is utilised to examine the interpretation of the masks from the perspective of the child who created the mask, the teacher who took the art lesson, the researcher and a professional artist. An exploration of multiple perspectives presents the interpretation of children’s art as socially constructed concept; that is, an active, context dependent activity which raises questions for the use of objective rating scales in this area. .
Multiplicity dependence of light-flavor hadron production in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeVBarnby, Lee; STFC Daresbury Laboratory (American Physical Society, 2019-02-08)Comprehensive results on the production of unidentified charged particles, π±, K±, K0S, K∗(892)0, p, p̅, ϕ(1020), Λ, Λ̅, Ξ−, Ξ̅+, Ω−, and Ω̅+ hadrons in proton-proton (pp) collisions at √s = 7 TeV at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) as a function of charged-particle multiplicity density are presented. In order to avoid autocorrelation biases, the actual transverse momentum (pT) spectra of the particles under study and the event activity are measured in different rapidity windows. In the highest multiplicity class, the charged-particle density reaches about 3.5 times the value measured in inelastic collisions. While the yield of protons normalized to pions remains approximately constant as a function of multiplicity, the corresponding ratios of strange hadrons to pions show a significant enhancement that increases with increasing strangeness content. Furthermore, all identified particle-to-pion ratios are shown to depend solely on charged-particle multiplicity density, regardless of system type and collision energy. The evolution of the spectral shapes with multiplicity and hadron mass shows patterns that are similar to those observed in p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at Large Hadron Collider energies. The obtained pT distributions and yields are compared to expectations from QCD-based pp event generators as well as to predictions from thermal and hydrodynamic models. These comparisons indicate that traces of a collective, equilibrated system are already present in high-multiplicity pp collisions.