The physical demands of mixed martial arts: A narrative review using the ARMSS model to provide a hierarchy of evidence
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AbstractThe physical demands of mixed martial arts (MMA) training and competition is not yet well quantified. The Applied Research Model for the Sport Sciences (ARMSS) provides a framework through which to conduct sport science, determining pertinent questions to test research findings in real-world settings. The aim of this review was to evaluate MMA research within the context of ARMSS to critically analyse our understanding of the physical requirements of MMA training and competition. Research databases were searched, with 70 peer-reviewed articles being discussed in relation to the specific stage of the ARMSS in which their results best fit. MMA research was found to be mostly foundational and descriptive in nature and has generally not developed along systematic lines. The internal and external loads and responses to training and competition have not been adequately identified. Therefore, it is not currently possible to state which variables are key predictors of success, or how coaches can optimally manipulate these variables. We propose that MMA research be refocused to be conducted within ARMSS. Specifically, stage 2 studies describing the physical, physiological and technical demands of MMA training and competition, and stage 3 studies determining the physiological predictors of performance should be initially prioritised.
CitationKirk, C., Clark, D.R., Langan-Evans, C. and Morton, J.P., (2020). 'The physical demands of mixed martial arts: A narrative review using the ARMSS model to provide a hierarchy of evidence'. Journal of Sports Sciences, pp. 1-23.
PublisherInforma UK Limited
JournalJournal of Sport Sciences