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dc.contributor.authorKotera, Yasuhiro
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Miles
dc.contributor.authorSheffield, David
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-13T14:22:27Z
dc.date.available2020-08-13T14:22:27Z
dc.date.issued2020-07-28
dc.identifier.citationKotera, Y., Richardson, M. and Sheffield, D. (2020). 'Effects of shinrin-yoku (forest bathing) and nature therapy on mental health: A systematic review and meta-analysis'. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, pp. 1-25.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1557-1874
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11469-020-00363-4
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/625075
dc.description.abstractShinrin-yoku (forest-bathing), immersing oneself in nature using one's senses, has been receiving increased attention internationally. While most of the existing studies have focused on physical health, this systematic review and meta-analysis examined the mental health benefits of shinrin-yoku (i.e., depression, anxiety, anger), using the PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registery: BLINDED). Articles in English were retrieved on research databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Of 481 articles retrieved, twenty met the inclusion criteria (eight non-randomised and twelve randomised controlled trials). All studies were conducted in Asia and Europe and used a variety of different bathing approaches (e.g., breathing, walking, yoga). While noting a need for more rigorous research and more extensive follow-up assessments, the findings indicate that shinrin-yoku can be effective in reducing negative mental health symptoms in the short-term (large effects, g> .80); particularly, the effects on anxiety were largest. Overall, forest bathing improved depression, anxiety and anger in the short-term but there were a number of moderators of the effects. More careful examination of shinrin-yoku practices are needed; longer follow-up with participants from a range of countries along with greater examination of potential mechanisms of action are needed for shinrin-yoku to be accepted into mainstream interventions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.springer.com/journal/11469en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11469-020-00363-4en_US
dc.subjectshinrin-yokuen_US
dc.subjectforest bathingen_US
dc.subjectnature therapyen_US
dc.subjectmental healthen_US
dc.subjectmeta-analysisen_US
dc.titleEffects of shinrin-yoku (forest bathing) and nature therapy on mental health: A systematic review and meta-analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1557-1882
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addictionen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-06-30
refterms.dateFOA2020-08-13T14:22:27Z
dc.author.detail783564en_US


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