Simulated natural environments bolster the effectiveness of a mindfulness programme: A comparison with a relaxation-based intervention
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AbstractThis study assesses the effectiveness of incorporating the beneficial effects of exposure to nature in a 3-week mindfulness programme. Participants (n = 122) were randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups (mindfulness, relaxation group) under different simulated environmental conditions (two natural, two non-natural environments) during an intervention lasting three weeks. The participants in the mindfulness group were asked to attend a weekly 1-h mindfulness programme. The relaxation group also spent 1 h per week on relaxation activities of their choice (e.g. reading books or magazines). Participants’ wellbeing outcomes and nature connectedness were measured before and after the three-week intervention, and at one-week follow-up. The findings show that the mindfulness programme was more effective when carried out in a natural environment. In addition, the mindfulness group in natural environments continued to improve even after the intervention was completed. This study offers valuable insights into the benefits of combining a wellbeing intervention with exposure to nature.
CitationChoe, E.Y., Jorgensen, A. and Sheffield, D., (2020). 'Simulated natural environments bolster the effectiveness of a mindfulness programme: A comparison with a relaxation-based intervention'. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 67, pp. 1-13.
JournalJournal of Environmental Psychology