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dc.contributor.authorAli, Sa'ad
dc.contributor.authorWeir, David
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-26T10:05:24Z
dc.date.available2020-06-26T10:05:24Z
dc.date.issued2020-07-21
dc.identifier.citationAli, S. and Weir, D. (2020). 'Wasta: Advancing a holistic model to bridge the micro-macro divide'. Management and Organization Review, pp. 1-29.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1740-8776
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/mor.2020.27
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624936
dc.description.abstractThis paper offers a synthesis of understandings of Wasta, seen as a form of social network prevalent in the Arab Middle East. Whilst there has been increasing interest in this practice, research remains fragmented and has been criticised for its limited theoretical rigor. To address this issue, a systematic review of peer-reviewed journal articles exploring Wasta published between 1993 and 2019 was conducted. The authors analysed the identified papers according to the theoretical lens from which Wasta was viewed, creating a bridge between a theoretical focus on the macro aspect of Wasta and an alternative focus on its micro aspects, leading to the development of a holistic model of Wasta. The model also helps us to understand the complexity of Wasta, both as the network itself and as the social ties that exist among its members, and sheds light on the complex nature of the role and interactions of the Waseet. The findings respond to calls for more holistic and inclusive research to inform social networks research and bridge the micro–macro divide. The paper offers recommendations to future researchers to build on the holistic and emic approach to Wasta research adopted here.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/ Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/management-and-organization-review/latest-issueen_US
dc.subjectWastaen_US
dc.subjectSocial Capitalen_US
dc.subjectSocial Networksen_US
dc.subjectMiddle Easten_US
dc.subjectInstitutional Theoryen_US
dc.titleWasta: Advancing a holistic model to bridge the micro-macro divideen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1740-8784
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentYork St John's Universityen_US
dc.identifier.journalManagement and Organization Reviewen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-04-13
refterms.dateFOA2020-06-26T10:05:24Z
dc.author.detail786884en_US


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