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dc.contributor.authorApergis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorPayne, James
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-26T08:22:01Z
dc.date.available2020-06-26T08:22:01Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-19
dc.identifier.citationApergis, N., and Payne, J. (2020). 'Convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions among developing countries: evidence from stochastic and club convergence tests'. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, pp. 1-13.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0944-1344
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11356-020-09506-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624934
dc.description.abstractThis exploratory study extends the literature on the convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions in analyzing the stochastic and club convergence within a panel framework for developing countries. The results from Pesaran (2007) and Bai and Carrion-i-Silvestre (2009) panel unit root tests with allowance for cross-sectional dependence confirm stochastic convergence for low-income, lower-middle income, and combined country panels. Further analysis using the nonlinear time-varying factor model of Phillips and Sul (2007; 2009) to test for convergence reveals the emergence of multiple convergence clubs within each of the three country panels examined. We observe geographic proximity among many of the countries within the respective convergence clubs.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.springer.com/journal/11356en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-020-09506-5en_US
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.subjectResearch Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCESen_US
dc.subjectcarbon dioxide emissions, developing countries, cross-sectional dependence, stochastic convergence, club convergenceen_US
dc.titleConvergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions among developing countries: evidence from stochastic and club convergence testsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1614-7499
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Texas, El Pasoen_US
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Researchen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-05-27
dc.author.detail786373en_US


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