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dc.contributor.authorKim, Jeffrey J.
dc.contributor.authorGerrish, Ruby
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Paul
dc.contributor.authorKirby, James N.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-08T10:39:38Z
dc.date.available2020-04-08T10:39:38Z
dc.date.issued2020-02-13
dc.identifier.citationKim, J.J., Gerrish, R., Gilbert, P. and Kirby, J.N., (2020). 'Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose towards rank‐based depressive symptomatology'. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, pp. 1-31.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1476-0835
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/papt.12270
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624686
dc.description.abstractAs social creatures, we monitor our relative rank and/or status with others via social comparisons. Whilst research has identified perceptions of inferiority or ‘low rank’ relative to others is a robust predictor of depressive, anxious, and stress symptomology, to date individual differences have been ignored. We wish to provide empirical evidence to outline how differences across personality traits may interact with social rank variables to buffer or predispose towards depressive symptomology. Across three independent samples (N = 595), we replicated a social rank model of mental health, and with our third sample (N = 200), we sought to investigate attenuating roles for neuroticism versus compassion with multiple moderated regression models. Neuroticism predicted greater levels of rank‐associated depression, and compassion failed to function as a protective factor for rank‐associated depression. However, a closer inspection of the original Big‐5 factor structure positions this scale as a measure of ‘interpersonal submissiveness’ or ‘conflict appeasement’ rather than genuine compassion. Whilst it is necessary to delineate the conditions where compassion is appropriate and able to lead to positive mental health outcomes, we argue this cannot be addressed with the Big‐5 measure of trait compassion. We call for future work to consider valid and reliable measures for compassion, such as the self‐compassion scale, submissive compassion scale, and fears of compassion scale, to more fully address how compassion may protect against both rank‐based comparisons and severity of depression. Social rank mechanisms are robustly implicated in depression, anxiety, and stress. Clients who present as higher in neuroticism, inferiority, or submissiveness may be more prone towards rank‐associated depression symptoms. Preliminary evidence suggests cultivation of genuine compassion can shift clients from a rank‐focussed to a compassionate‐focussed mentality, which aids mental health and fosters well‐being.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNAen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/papt.12270en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectDevelopmental and Educational Psychologyen_US
dc.subjectClinical Psychologyen_US
dc.subjectPsychiatry and Mental healthen_US
dc.subjectsocial ranken_US
dc.subjectcompassionen_US
dc.subjectdepressionen_US
dc.subjectneuroticismen_US
dc.subjectindividual differencesen_US
dc.titleStressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose towards rank‐based depressive symptomatologyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2044-8341
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australiaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCompassionate Mind Research Group, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australiaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCentre for Compassion Research and Training, College of Health and Social Care Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby, UKen_US
dc.identifier.journalPsychology & Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practiceen_US
dc.identifier.pii10.1111/papt.12270
dc.source.journaltitlePsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-01-22
dc.author.detailvchi583en_US


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