The diagnosis and management of a patient with acute pyelonephritis
AffiliationUniversity of Derby
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AbstractLower urinary tract infections account for more than 224 000 hospital admissions each year and nearly all of these have the pathophysiological possibility to develop into pyelonephritis, known clinically as an upper urinary tract infection. Acute pyelonephritis is characterised by inflammation of the renal parenchyma caused by bacteriuria ascending from the bladder, up the ureters to the kidneys. Effective history taking, combined with refined physical examination skills, are the two most powerful tools to differentiate upper and lower urinary tract infections as well as assisting the practitioner to exclude other differential diagnoses. Utilisation of these skills by the practitioner, together with the recognised presenting symptom triad of flank pain, fever and nausea in this case study, enabled the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis to be given.
CitationHudson, C. and Mortimore, G., (2020). 'The diagnosis and management of a patient with acute pyelonephritis'. British Journal of Nursing, 29(3), pp. 144-150.
PublisherMark Allen Group
JournalBritish Journal of Nursing