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dc.contributor.authorApergis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorBhattacharya, Mita
dc.contributor.authorHadhri, Walid
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-06T10:27:38Z
dc.date.available2020-03-06T10:27:38Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-03
dc.identifier.citationApergis, N., Bhattacharya, M. and Hadhri, W., (2020). 'Health care expenditure and environmental pollution: a cross-country comparison across different income groups'. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27, pp, 8142–8156.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0944-1344
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11356-019-07457-0
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624560
dc.description.abstractThis paper investigates the long-run dynamics between health care expenditure and environmental pollution across four global income groups. The analysis uses data from 178 countries, spanning the period 1995–2017. Panel estimations are employed with unobserved heterogeneity, temporal persistence, and cross-sectional dependence using a model with common correlated effects. The findings document that the health care expenditure is a necessity for all sub-groups. We established that a 1% increase in national income increased health expenditure by 7.2% in the full sample, and 9.3%, 8.6%, 6.8% and 2.9% for low, low-middle, upper-middle and high-income groups, respectively, while a 1% increase in CO2 emissions increased health expenditure by 2.5% in the full sample, and 2.9%, 1.2%, 2.3% and 2.6% across these four income groups. We recommend that coordinated approach is needed in setting policy goals both in energy and health sectors in mitigating the negative effects of pollution. Our findings indicate that low-carbon emissions and energy efficient health care services will significantly reduce future health care expenses.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-019-07457-0en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectHealth care expenditureen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental pollutionen_US
dc.subjectCO2 emissionsen_US
dc.titleHealth care expenditure and environmental pollution: a cross-country comparison across different income groupsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1614-7499
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMonash Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUAQUAP, Higher Institute of Managementen_US
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Researchen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-12-19
refterms.dateFOA2020-04-24T09:38:26Z
dc.author.detail786373en_US


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International