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dc.contributor.authorApergis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorPayne, James
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-06T09:26:00Z
dc.date.available2020-03-06T09:26:00Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-08
dc.identifier.citationApergis, N., Payne, J.E., and Rayos-Velazquez, M. (2020). 'Carbon dioxide emissions intensity convergence: Evidence from central American countries'. Frontiers in Energy Research, 7(158), pp. 1-7.en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fenrg.2019.00158
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624559
dc.description.abstractThis paper extends the literature on the convergence of carbon dioxide emissions intensity and its determinants (energy intensity and the carbonization index) for six Central American countries over the period 1971 to 2014. Using the Phillips-Sul club convergence approach, the results indicate two distinct convergence clubs with respect to carbon dioxide emissions intensity and energy intensity with the first convergence club consisting of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras and the second convergence club consisting of Nicaragua and Panama. However, in the case of the carbonization index, only one convergence club emerges that includes Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua with Panama exhibiting non-convergent behavior.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFrontiersen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenrg.2019.00158/fullen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectResearch Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCESen_US
dc.subjectcarbon dioxide emissions intensity, energy intensity, carbonization index, club convergence, Central Americaen_US
dc.titleCarbon dioxide emissions intensity convergence: Evidence from central American countriesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2296-598X
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Texas, El Pasoen_US
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Energy Researchen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-12-09
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-06T09:26:00Z
dc.author.detail786373en_US


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