State-of-the-art review of 3DPV technology: structures and models
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AbstractIncreasing energy conversion efficiency from sunlight to power is one of the key solutions for the world’s energy shortage and greenhouse gas reduction, but the conventional flat photovoltaic module without sun tracking mechanism has the low sunlight energy collection ability. This paper presents the state-of-the-art three-dimensional photovoltaic (3DPV) technology with high photovoltaic energy conversion efficiency, which is able to absorb off-peak sunlight and reflected light more effectively, thereby it can generate more power. At first, this paper is to catalogue and critique different 3DPV structures and models, as well as assess their characteristics. Afterwards, the main influence factors on the 3DPV structures and models including shape, height and spacing of the solar cells, latitude of the installation, optimal device design and shadow cast, are reviewed. Finally, the challenges and future technological developments of 3DPV structures and models are highlighted. This study demonstrated that the 3DPV technology can increase the captured sunlight approximately 15–30% in comparison with the conventional flat PV technology.
CitationCui, Y., Zhu, J., Zoras, S., Chen, X., Bi, H., Qiao, Y. and Soleimani, Z., (2019). 'State-of-the-art review of 3DPV technology: Structures and models'. Energy Conversion and Management, 200, pp, 1-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112130
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management