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dc.contributor.authorRoe, Chris A.
dc.contributor.authorSherwood, Simon J.
dc.contributor.authorFarrell, Louise
dc.contributor.authorSavva, Louie
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Ian
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-01T09:43:34Z
dc.date.available2019-08-01T09:43:34Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.citationRoe, C. A., Sherwood, S. J., Farrell, L., Savva, L., and Baker, I. (2007) 'Assessing the roles of the sender and experimenter in dream ESP research', European Journal of Parapsychology, 22(2), pp. 175-192.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0168-7263
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/624046
dc.description.abstractThis study explored the role of the sender in a dream ESP task by considering the effects of presence of a sender (sender, no sender) and the receiver’s expectancy that a sender was present. Forty participants each completed a sender and a no sender trial on consecutive nights by keeping a dream diary of all mentation they could recall when they awoke. The order of trials was randomised across participants. On no-sender nights a randomly selected video clip was played repeatedly from 2:00 until 6:30am; on sender nights a sender would also watch the clip between 6:00 and 6:30am and attempt to communicate its content. Both sender and no sender conditions produced above chance hit rates (30% and 35% respectively), but z scores for similarity ratings did not deviate significantly from chance (sender night: t(39) = 0.92, p = .18; no sender night: t(39) = 1.11, p = .14, one-tailed). There was no difference in performance in terms of sender conditions (z = -0.22, p = .41, one-tailed) or sender expectancy (z = -0.18, p = .46, one-tailed), failing to support the proposal that senders play an active role in dream ESP success. Possible improvements in the manipulation of participant expectancy are discussed.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPerrott-Warrick Funden_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherEuropean Journal of Parapsychologyen_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://ejp.naturalresourceswellbeing.com/en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://nectar.northampton.ac.uk/896/en_US
dc.subjectdream ESP, extrasensory perception, parapsychology, dreaming, sender, experimenteren_US
dc.titleAssessing the roles of the sender and experimenter in dream ESP research.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Northampton, Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP)en_US
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Parapsychologyen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2007
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-01T09:43:35Z
dc.author.detail785617en_US


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