The impact of pop-up warning messages of losses on expenditure in a simulated game of roulette: A pilot Study
AffiliationUniversity of Derby
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AbstractBackground: ‘Pop-up’ warning messages have potential as a Responsible Gambling tool, but many warning messages in the literature are generic. The present study simulated digital roulette to compare the effectiveness of expenditure-specific, generic and control messages, during online roulette. Methods: Forty-five casual gamblers participated in a laboratory setting. Gambles were ‘rigged’ such that participants suffered a net loss. Total ‘play money’ wagers from individual bets after the presentation of the messages were measured. Results: Expenditure-specific warning messages demonstrated significant reductions in wager amounts compared with other message types - Generic (p=.035) and Control messages (p<.001). No significant differences were found between Generic and Control messages (p>.05). Thus expenditure-specific warning messages about current losses were more effective than generic messages for reducing expenditure. Conclusions: Expenditure-specific warning messages exhibit potential for ameliorating potentially harmful gambling behaviour. Expenditure-specific messages should be tested in a broader range of gambling contexts to examine their generalizability and potential for implementation in the gambling industry.
CitationMcGivern, P., Hussain, Z., Lipka, S., & Stupple, E. (2019) 'The impact of pop-up warning messages of losses on expenditure in a simulated game of roulette: A pilot Study'. BMC Public Health, 19(822), pp. 1-8. DO: 10.1186/s12889-019-7191-5
PublisherBMC/ Springer Nature
JournalBMC Public Health