Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCross, Ainslea
dc.contributor.authorSheffield, David
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-31T13:43:51Z
dc.date.available2019-05-31T13:43:51Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-29
dc.identifier.citationCross, A., and Sheffield, D. (2019) 'Mental contrasting for health behaviour change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of effects and moderator variables'. Health Psychology Review, 13(2), pp. 209-225. DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2019.1594332en_US
dc.identifier.issn17437202
dc.identifier.issn17437199
dc.identifier.pmid30879403
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/17437199.2019.1594332
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/623813
dc.description.abstractMental contrasting is a self-regulation imagery strategy that involves imagining a desired future and mentally contrasting it with the present reality, which is assumed to prompt the individual to realise that action is required to achieve the desired future. Research has combined mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII) (‘if-then’ plans), which is hypothesised to strengthen the effects. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of mental contrasting for improving health-related behaviours. A meta-analysis (N = 1528) using random effects modelling found a main effect of mental contrasting on health outcomes, adjusted Hedges’ g = 0.28 (SE = .07), 95% CI [0.13–0.43], p < .001 at up to four weeks, and an increased effect at up to three months (k = 5), g = 0.38 (SE = 0.6), CI [0.20–0.55], p < .001. The combination of mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII; k = 7) showed a similar effect, g = 0.28, CI [0.14–0.42], p < .001. Mental contrasting shows promise as a brief behaviour change strategy with a significant small to moderate-sized effect on changing health behaviour in the short-term. Analysis on a small subset of studies suggested that the addition of implementation intentions (MCII) did not further strengthen the effects of mental contrasting on health behaviours, although additional studies are needed.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17437199.2019.1594332en_US
dc.subjectMCIIen_US
dc.subjectMental contrastingen_US
dc.subjectimageryen_US
dc.subjectimplementation intentionsen_US
dc.subjectself-regulationen_US
dc.titleMental contrasting for health behaviour change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of effects and moderator variablesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typeResearch Reporten_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.identifier.journalHealth Psychology Reviewen_US
dc.source.journaltitleHealth psychology review
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-03-09
dc.author.detail783835en_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
mental contrasting.pdf
Size:
635.8Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record