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dc.contributor.authorApergis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorPayne, James
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the causal relationship between carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, and real output within a panel vector error correction model for eleven countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States over the period 1992–2004. In the long-run, energy consumption has a positive and statistically significant impact on carbon dioxide emissions while real output follows an inverted U-shape pattern associated with the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. The short-run dynamics indicate unidirectional causality from energy consumption and real output, respectively, to carbon dioxide emissions along with bidirectional causality between energy consumption and real output. In the long-run there appears to be bidirectional causality between energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.en
dc.subjectCarbon dioxide emissionsen
dc.subjectEnergy consumptionen
dc.subjectEconomic Growthen
dc.titleThe emissions, energy consumption, and growth nexus: Evidence from the commonwealth of independent statesen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Piraeusen
dc.contributor.departmentIllinois State Universityen
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Policyen

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