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dc.contributor.authorApergis, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorPayne, James
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-14T17:41:12Z
dc.date.available2019-03-14T17:41:12Z
dc.date.issued2009-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/623599
dc.description.abstractThis study extends the recent work of Ang (2007) [Ang, J.B., 2007. CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in France. Energy Policy 35, 4772–4778] in examining the causal relationship between carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, and output within a panel vector error correction model for six Central American countries over the period 1971–2004. In long-run equilibrium energy consumption has a positive and statistically significant impact on emissions while real output exhibits the inverted U-shape pattern associated with the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. The short-run dynamics indicate unidirectional causality from energy consumption and real output, respectively, to emissions along with bidirectional causality between energy consumption and real output. In the long-run there appears to be bidirectional causality between energy consumption and emissions.en
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectEnergy consumptionen
dc.subjectCarbon dioxide emissionsen
dc.subjectEconomic growthen
dc.titleCO2 emissions, energy usage, and output in Central Americaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Piraeusen
dc.contributor.departmentIllinois State Universityen
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Policyen


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