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dc.contributor.authorTuricchia, Eva
dc.contributor.authorAbbiati, Marco
dc.contributor.authorSweet, Michael J.
dc.contributor.authorPonti, Massimo
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-14T13:30:19Z
dc.date.available2018-12-14T13:30:19Z
dc.date.issued2018-10-16
dc.identifier.citationTuricchia E. et al (2018) ‘Mass mortality hits gorgonian forests at Montecristo Island’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 131 (1), pp. 79-85. doi 10.3354/dao03284en
dc.identifier.issn0177-5103
dc.identifier.issn1616-1580
dc.identifier.doi10.3354/dao03284
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/623221
dc.description.abstractMediterranean gorgonian forests are species-rich habitats, and like many other marine habitats they are threatened by anthropogenic disturbances and mass mortality events. These mortality events have often been linked to anomalies in the temperature profiles of the Mediterranean region. On 5 September 2017, colonies of the gorgonians Eunicella singularis and Eunicella cavolini exhibited rapid tissue loss, down to a depth of 30 m along the steep cliffs of Montecristo Island, Tuscan Archipelago National Park, Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy. Interestingly, Montecristo has previously been identified as a reference site for the ecological quality assessment of the western Mediterranean benthic assemblages on rocky bottoms. The observed mortality event occurred during a period of increased sea temperature. By utilising a combination of high-resolution oceanographic analysis, forecast models and citizen science initiatives, we propose that an early warning system for the concomitance of heat waves and mortality events can be put in place. A temperature-based coral disease surveillance tool could then be established for the entire Mediterranean Sea. Such a tool would allow for the timely study of mass mortality phenomena and the implementation of prompt mitigation and/or restoration initiatives. Finally, this specific mortality event, in a Marine Protected Area, offers a unique opportunity to monitor and assess the resilience of gorgonian populations and associated benthic assemblages in the absence of other, more directly, anthropogenic disturbances such as pollution and land runoff.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInter Researchen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v131/n1/p79-85/en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Diseases of Aquatic Organismsen
dc.subjectCoralen
dc.subjectClimate changeen
dc.subjectCoral diseaseen
dc.subjectGlobal climate changeen
dc.subjectMediterranean Seaen
dc.subjectHeat waveen
dc.subjectMarine protected areasen
dc.subjectMarine animal forestsen
dc.titleMass mortality hits gorgonian forests at Montecristo Island.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bolognaen
dc.contributor.departmentCentro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca per le Scienze Ambientali (CIRSA)en
dc.contributor.departmentConsorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa)en
dc.contributor.departmentPolytechnic University of Marcheen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR)en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalDiseases of Aquatic Organismsen
html.description.abstractMediterranean gorgonian forests are species-rich habitats, and like many other marine habitats they are threatened by anthropogenic disturbances and mass mortality events. These mortality events have often been linked to anomalies in the temperature profiles of the Mediterranean region. On 5 September 2017, colonies of the gorgonians Eunicella singularis and Eunicella cavolini exhibited rapid tissue loss, down to a depth of 30 m along the steep cliffs of Montecristo Island, Tuscan Archipelago National Park, Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy. Interestingly, Montecristo has previously been identified as a reference site for the ecological quality assessment of the western Mediterranean benthic assemblages on rocky bottoms. The observed mortality event occurred during a period of increased sea temperature. By utilising a combination of high-resolution oceanographic analysis, forecast models and citizen science initiatives, we propose that an early warning system for the concomitance of heat waves and mortality events can be put in place. A temperature-based coral disease surveillance tool could then be established for the entire Mediterranean Sea. Such a tool would allow for the timely study of mass mortality phenomena and the implementation of prompt mitigation and/or restoration initiatives. Finally, this specific mortality event, in a Marine Protected Area, offers a unique opportunity to monitor and assess the resilience of gorgonian populations and associated benthic assemblages in the absence of other, more directly, anthropogenic disturbances such as pollution and land runoff.


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