MetadataShow full item record
AbstractIt is well established in the natural transition of an attached boundary layer that the transition process starts with a two–dimensional primary instability (Tollmien–Schlichting wave, denoted as TS wave), followed by usually a three-dimensional secondary instability (fundamental mode or subharmonic mode) leading to the breakdown to turbulence. However, the transition process of a separation bubble (laminar flow or laminar boundary layer at separation and transition occurs downstream of the separation, leading to turbulence at reattachment) is less well understood, especially on the nature of secondary instability. The focus of this paper is on trying to advance our understanding of secondary instability of a transitional separation bubble on a flat plate with a blunt leading edge (separation is induced geometrically at the leading edge) under a very low free-stream turbulence level (< 0.1%). Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) is employed in the current study with a dynamic sub-grid-scale model. The numerical flow visualisation together with the spectral analysis has indicated that a three dimensional secondary instability, the elliptical instability, which occurs for fundamental frequency is the main mechanism at work whereas the subharmonic mode in the form of vortex-pairing is hardly active. There is no evidence for the existence of hyperbolic instability in the braid region either.
CitationYang, Z., and Abdalla, I.E. (2018) ‘On secondary instability of a transitional separation bubble’, Computers & Fluids. doi: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2018.11.028
JournalComputers & Fluids