Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down.
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AbstractThis study explores the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism/reassurance, and how people attribute blame for external criticism. Previous research has linked perfectionism dimensions with self-criticism, but not investigated the different forms and functions of self-criticism. One hundred and twenty six participants took part in this study. Socially prescribed perfectionism was significantly correlated with all self-critical variables and depression. Other-oriented and self-oriented perfectionism were only associated with the self-correcting function of self-criticism. Blaming self for being criticised by others was associated with all forms and functions of self-criticism/reassurance and socially prescribed perfectionism. In contrast, blaming others for being criticised was negatively associated with the various forms and functions of self-criticism and socially prescribed perfectionism. When self-criticism was entered into a multiple regression the link between perfectionism and depression disappeared. Also when self-criticism is excluded, self-blame for being criticised becomes a predictor of depression but perfectionism does not. This study suggests that it may be self-critical elements associated with forms of perfectionism, and how individuals react to being criticised that is key to depressive symptoms.
CitationGilbert, P. et al (2006) 'Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down.', Personality and Individual Differences, (41)7, pp. 1299-1308.
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
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