Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism.
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AbstractRecent work in the neuroscience of positive affect has suggested that there may be two different types of positive affect. One is linked to a drive/seeking system (and may be dopaminergic mediated) and the other is a soothing-contentment system (and may be opiate/oxytocin mediated). This study sought to develop a self-report scale that could tap these positive affects in regard to characteristic feelings individuals may have. Results from 203 students suggested three (rather than two) underlying factors: activated positive affect, relaxed positive affect, and safe/content positive affect. It was the safe/content positive affect that had the highest negative correlations with depression, anxiety and stress, self-criticism, and insecure attachment. Hence, greater clarity on the different types and functions of positive affect may demystify the relationship between positive emotions and well-being.
CitationGilbert, P. et al (2008) 'Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism', The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3 (3):182 .
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalThe Journal of Positive Psychology
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