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dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Paul
dc.contributor.authorMcEwan, Kirsten
dc.contributor.authorBellew, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorMills, Alison
dc.contributor.authorGale, Corinne
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-30T14:24:41Z
dc.date.available2018-07-30T14:24:41Z
dc.date.issued2009-06
dc.identifier.citationGilbert, P. et al (2009) 'The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm', Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 82 (2):123.en
dc.identifier.issn14760835
dc.identifier.doi10.1348/147608308X379806
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622859
dc.description.abstractThis study was guided by the social rank theory of depression and aimed to explore the relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and self‐harm with striving to avoid inferiority, feelings of shame and styles of attachment. Participants diagnosed with depression (n=62) completed a series of questionnaires measuring striving to avoid inferiority, fears of missing out, being overlooked and active rejection, attachment, social rank and psychopathologies. Striving to avoid inferiority was significantly linked to social rank variables and anxious attachment. Mediator analyses revealed that the relationship between striving to avoid inferiority and depression was mediated by the social rank variable of external shame, and also anxious attachment. These findings suggest that elevated competitive behaviour can have a ‘dark side’. When people feel insecure in their social environments, it can focus them on a hierarchical view of themselves and others, with a fear of rejection if they feel they have become too inferior or subordinate. This may increase vulnerability to depression, anxiety and stress.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBritish Psychological Societyen
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1348/147608308X379806en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practiceen
dc.subjectDepressionen
dc.subjectAnxietyen
dc.subjectStressen
dc.subjectSelf-harmen
dc.subjectAttachmenten
dc.subjectPsychopathologyen
dc.titleThe dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalPsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practiceen
html.description.abstractThis study was guided by the social rank theory of depression and aimed to explore the relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and self‐harm with striving to avoid inferiority, feelings of shame and styles of attachment. Participants diagnosed with depression (n=62) completed a series of questionnaires measuring striving to avoid inferiority, fears of missing out, being overlooked and active rejection, attachment, social rank and psychopathologies. Striving to avoid inferiority was significantly linked to social rank variables and anxious attachment. Mediator analyses revealed that the relationship between striving to avoid inferiority and depression was mediated by the social rank variable of external shame, and also anxious attachment. These findings suggest that elevated competitive behaviour can have a ‘dark side’. When people feel insecure in their social environments, it can focus them on a hierarchical view of themselves and others, with a fear of rejection if they feel they have become too inferior or subordinate. This may increase vulnerability to depression, anxiety and stress.


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