Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank.
Irons, Christopher Paul
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AbstractObjectives. This study explored the relationship of forms and functions of self‐criticism, shame, and social rank variables to self‐harm, depression, and anxiety. Design. The study used a questionnaire design. Method. In‐patients and day‐patients (N = 73) completed a series of questionnaires measuring self‐harm, mood, self‐criticism, shame, and social comparison. Results. Self‐harm was significantly associated with forms and functions of self‐criticism, shame, and feelings of inferiority (low social rank). The self‐persecuting function of self‐criticism was especially linked to self‐harm, depression, and anxiety. Conclusions. This study adds to a growing literature on the importance of recognizing the pathogenic effects of negative self‐critical thoughts and feelings about the self and the value of distinguishing different types of self‐criticism.
CitationGilbert, P. et al (2010) 'Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank', British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49 (4):563.
PublisherBritish Psychological Society
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Psychology
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