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dc.contributor.authorFido, Dean
dc.contributor.authorSanto, Miguel G.E.
dc.contributor.authorBloxsom, Claire A.J.
dc.contributor.authorGregson, Michael
dc.contributor.authorSumich, Alexander L.
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-28T14:41:33Z
dc.date.available2018-03-28T14:41:33Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-04
dc.identifier.citationFido, D. et al (2017) 'Electrophysiological study of the violence inhibition mechanism in relation to callous-unemotional and aggressive traits', Personality and Individual Differences, 118:44 .en
dc.identifier.issn01918869
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.049
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622465
dc.description.abstractThe violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) proposes that observing another’s distress inhibits responses that can lead to violent behaviour. Dysfunction of this system is associated with disorders characterised by aggressive and callous-unemotional traits, such as psychopathy. This study examines electrophysiological indices of face processing and motor extinction, in the context of aggressive and callous-unemotional traits. Fifty-four participants completed the inventory of callous and unemotional traits, the aggression questionnaire, and a Facial Affect Stop-Go task whereby facial distress was used as stop signals. Uncaring traits inversely associated with N170 amplitude across all facial expressions and aggressive traits inversely associated with Stop-P300 amplitude to facial distress. The N170 and Stop-P300 might provide useful electrophysiological markers for deficits across face processing and motor extinction stages of the VIM, respectively.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by a Nottingham Trent University Vice Chancellor's Bursary.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0191886917300521en
dc.relation.urlhttp://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31912/
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Personality and Individual Differencesen
dc.subjectDistress processingen
dc.subjectHealthy adultsen
dc.subjectMotor extinctionen
dc.subjectElectrophysiologyen
dc.subjectAggressionen
dc.subjectCallous-unemotional traitsen
dc.titleElectrophysiological study of the violence inhibition mechanism in relation to callous-unemotional and aggressive traits.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNottingham Trent Universityen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Oxforden
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Nottinghamen
dc.identifier.journalPersonality and Individual Differencesen
html.description.abstractThe violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) proposes that observing another’s distress inhibits responses that can lead to violent behaviour. Dysfunction of this system is associated with disorders characterised by aggressive and callous-unemotional traits, such as psychopathy. This study examines electrophysiological indices of face processing and motor extinction, in the context of aggressive and callous-unemotional traits. Fifty-four participants completed the inventory of callous and unemotional traits, the aggression questionnaire, and a Facial Affect Stop-Go task whereby facial distress was used as stop signals. Uncaring traits inversely associated with N170 amplitude across all facial expressions and aggressive traits inversely associated with Stop-P300 amplitude to facial distress. The N170 and Stop-P300 might provide useful electrophysiological markers for deficits across face processing and motor extinction stages of the VIM, respectively.


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