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dc.contributor.authorWoodman, Tim
dc.contributor.authorAkehurst, Sally
dc.contributor.authorHardy, Lew
dc.contributor.authorBeattie, Stuart
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-13T10:19:47Z
dc.date.available2018-03-13T10:19:47Z
dc.date.issued2010-06-04
dc.identifier.citationWoodman, T. et al (2010) 'Self-confidence and performance: A little self-doubt helps', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11 (6):467.en
dc.identifier.issn14690292
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.05.009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622283
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To test the hypothesis that a decrease in confidence on a well-learned task will increase effort and performance. Design: A 2 (group: control, experimental) 2 (trial: practice, competition) mixed-model with repeated measures on the second factor. Method: Expert skippers’ (n ¼ 28) self-confidence was reduced via a combination of task (i.e., change of rope) and competitive demands. Performance was the number of skips in a 1-min period. On-task effort was measured via the verbal reaction time to an auditory probe. Results: The group trial interaction (F (1, 26) ¼ 6.73, p < .05, h2 ¼ .21) supported the hypothesis: Posthoc tests revealed a significant decrease in self-confidence and a significant improvement in performance from practice to competition for the experimental group only. No significant effort effects were revealed. Conclusions: Some self-doubt can benefit performance, which calls into question the widely accepted positive linear relationship between self-confidence and performance. As effort did not increase with decreased confidence, the precise mechanisms via which self-confidence will lead to an increase or a decrease in performance remain to be elucidated.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1469029210000750en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Psychology of Sport and Exerciseen
dc.subjectConfidenceen
dc.subjectSelf-doubten
dc.titleSelf-confidence and performance: A little self-doubt helps.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAberystwyth Universityen
dc.contributor.departmentBangor Universityen
dc.identifier.journalPsychology of Sport and Exerciseen
html.description.abstractObjectives: To test the hypothesis that a decrease in confidence on a well-learned task will increase effort and performance. Design: A 2 (group: control, experimental) 2 (trial: practice, competition) mixed-model with repeated measures on the second factor. Method: Expert skippers’ (n ¼ 28) self-confidence was reduced via a combination of task (i.e., change of rope) and competitive demands. Performance was the number of skips in a 1-min period. On-task effort was measured via the verbal reaction time to an auditory probe. Results: The group trial interaction (F (1, 26) ¼ 6.73, p < .05, h2 ¼ .21) supported the hypothesis: Posthoc tests revealed a significant decrease in self-confidence and a significant improvement in performance from practice to competition for the experimental group only. No significant effort effects were revealed. Conclusions: Some self-doubt can benefit performance, which calls into question the widely accepted positive linear relationship between self-confidence and performance. As effort did not increase with decreased confidence, the precise mechanisms via which self-confidence will lead to an increase or a decrease in performance remain to be elucidated.


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