Dead or alive? The role of personal characteristics and immediate situational factors in the outcome of serious violence. American Society of Criminology, New Orleans, 16-19 Nov.
AuthorsGanpat, Soenita Minakoemarie
AffiliationNottingham Trent University
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AbstractThis study explains why certain violent events end lethally while others do not. Is it on account of certain personal characteristics of those involved in these events – in particular, do offenders and/or victims have a criminal propensity, possibly reflected in their criminal history records? Or does it relate to certain immediate situational factors occurring during these incidents, such as weapon use, alcohol use, the presence of third parties or actors’ behavior? Or does a combination of both types of factors – i.e., criminal history and immediate situational factors – play a key role in differentiating lethal from non-lethal violent events? Although these questions are important for the understanding of serious violence in general, so far criminologists have not often addressed these questions simultaneously. This study – conducted in The Netherlands – has been designed to start filling this gap by focusing on the relationship between offenders’ and victims’ criminal history, immediate situational factors and lethal versus non-lethal outcomes of violent events. Based on data from criminal records and court files, findings show that immediate situational factors appear to be the most influential factor that contribute to the outcome of violent events, even more so than offenders’ and victims’ characteristics.
CitationGanpat, S. M. (2016) 'Dead or alive? The role of personal characteristics and immediate situational factors in the outcome of serious violence'. Presented at the American Society of Criminology, New Orleans, 16-19 November.