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dc.contributor.authorChandler, Josie F.
dc.contributor.authorBurn, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorBerggren, Per
dc.contributor.authorSweet, Michael J.
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-19T10:39:36Z
dc.date.available2018-02-19T10:39:36Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-21
dc.identifier.citationChandler, J. F. et al (2016) 'Influence of Resource Availability on the Foraging Strategies of the Triangle Butterflyfish Chaetodon triangulum in the Maldives', PLOS ONE, 11 (3), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151923en
dc.identifier.issn19326203
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0151923
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622166
dc.description.abstractObligate coral feeders such as many members of the Chaetodontidae family (also known as butterflyfish) often show strong preferences for particular coral species. This is thought to have evolved through natural selection as an energy-maximising strategy. Although some species remain as highly specialised feeders throughout their lifetime, many corallivores show a degree of dietary versatility when food abundance is limited; a strategy described by the optimal foraging theory. This study aimed to examine if, within-reef differences in the feeding regime and territory size of the Triangle Butterflyfish Chaetodon triangulum occurred, as a function of resource availability. Results showed that the dietary specialisation of C. triangulum was significant in both areas of low and high coral cover (χL22 = 2.52 x 102, P<0.001 and χL22 = 3.78 x 102, P<0.001 respectively). Resource selection functions (RSFs), calculated for the two main sites of contrasting coral assemblage, showed that in the resource-rich environments, only two Genera (Acropora and Pocillopora) were preferentially selected for, with the majority of other corals being actively ‘avoided’. Conversely, in territories of lower coral coverage, C. triangulum was being less selective in its prey choice and consuming corals in a more even distribution with respect to their availability. Interestingly, coral cover appeared to show no significant effect on feeding rate, however it was a primary determinant of territory size. The findings of the study agree with the predictions of the optimal foraging theory, in that where food supply is scarce, dietary specialisation is minimised and territory size increased. This results in maximising energy intake. This study represents the first scientific evidence that C. triangulum is an obligate corallivore and, as with many other butterflyfish, is therefore dependent on healthy scleractinian corals for survival.
dc.description.sponsorshipNAen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS)en
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151923en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLOS ONEen
dc.subjectCoral reefen
dc.subjectCoralsen
dc.titleInfluence of resource availability on the foraging strategies of the triangle butterflyfish chaetodon triangulum in the Maldives.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Newcastleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalPLOS ONEen
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-28T16:39:54Z
html.description.abstractObligate coral feeders such as many members of the Chaetodontidae family (also known as butterflyfish) often show strong preferences for particular coral species. This is thought to have evolved through natural selection as an energy-maximising strategy. Although some species remain as highly specialised feeders throughout their lifetime, many corallivores show a degree of dietary versatility when food abundance is limited; a strategy described by the optimal foraging theory. This study aimed to examine if, within-reef differences in the feeding regime and territory size of the Triangle Butterflyfish Chaetodon triangulum occurred, as a function of resource availability. Results showed that the dietary specialisation of C. triangulum was significant in both areas of low and high coral cover (χL22 = 2.52 x 102, P<0.001 and χL22 = 3.78 x 102, P<0.001 respectively). Resource selection functions (RSFs), calculated for the two main sites of contrasting coral assemblage, showed that in the resource-rich environments, only two Genera (Acropora and Pocillopora) were preferentially selected for, with the majority of other corals being actively ‘avoided’. Conversely, in territories of lower coral coverage, C. triangulum was being less selective in its prey choice and consuming corals in a more even distribution with respect to their availability. Interestingly, coral cover appeared to show no significant effect on feeding rate, however it was a primary determinant of territory size. The findings of the study agree with the predictions of the optimal foraging theory, in that where food supply is scarce, dietary specialisation is minimised and territory size increased. This results in maximising energy intake. This study represents the first scientific evidence that C. triangulum is an obligate corallivore and, as with many other butterflyfish, is therefore dependent on healthy scleractinian corals for survival.


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