Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Miles
dc.contributor.authorHussain, Zaheer
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, Mark D.
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-16T13:59:02Z
dc.date.available2018-02-16T13:59:02Z
dc.date.issued2018-02-08
dc.identifier.citationRichardson, M. et al (2018) 'Problematic smartphone use, nature connectedness, and anxiety', Journal of Behavioral Addictions, DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.10en
dc.identifier.issn20625871
dc.identifier.doi10.1556/2006.7.2018.10
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622142
dc.description.abstractBackground Smartphone use has increased greatly at a time when concerns about society’s disconnection from nature have also markedly increased. Recent research has also indicated that smartphone use can be problematic for a small minority of individuals. Methods In this study, associations between problematic smartphone use (PSU), nature connectedness, and anxiety were investigated using a cross-sectional design (n = 244). Results Associations between PSU and both nature connectedness and anxiety were confirmed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify threshold values on the Problematic Smartphone Use Scale (PSUS) at which strong associations with anxiety and nature connectedness occur. The area under the curve was calculated and positive likelihood ratios used as a diagnostic parameter to identify optimal cut-off for PSU. These provided good diagnostic ability for nature connectedness, but poor and non-significant results for anxiety. ROC analysis showed the optimal PSUS threshold for high nature connectedness to be 15.5 (sensitivity: 58.3%; specificity: 78.6%) in response to an LR+ of 2.88. Conclusions The results demonstrate the potential utility for the PSUS as a diagnostic tool, with a level of smartphone use that users may perceive as non-problematic being a significant cut-off in terms of achieving beneficial levels of nature connectedness. Implications of these findings are discussed.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAkadémiai Kiadóen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.akademiai.com/doi/10.1556/2006.7.2018.10en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Behavioral Addictionsen
dc.subjectNature connectednessen
dc.subjectSmartphonesen
dc.subjectSmartphone useen
dc.subjectAddictionen
dc.subjectAnxietyen
dc.titleProblematic smartphone use, nature connectedness, and anxiety.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn20635303
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Behavioral Addictionsen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Life Sciences, College of Life and Natural Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Life Sciences, College of Life and Natural Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-28T16:39:02Z
html.description.abstractBackground Smartphone use has increased greatly at a time when concerns about society’s disconnection from nature have also markedly increased. Recent research has also indicated that smartphone use can be problematic for a small minority of individuals. Methods In this study, associations between problematic smartphone use (PSU), nature connectedness, and anxiety were investigated using a cross-sectional design (n = 244). Results Associations between PSU and both nature connectedness and anxiety were confirmed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify threshold values on the Problematic Smartphone Use Scale (PSUS) at which strong associations with anxiety and nature connectedness occur. The area under the curve was calculated and positive likelihood ratios used as a diagnostic parameter to identify optimal cut-off for PSU. These provided good diagnostic ability for nature connectedness, but poor and non-significant results for anxiety. ROC analysis showed the optimal PSUS threshold for high nature connectedness to be 15.5 (sensitivity: 58.3%; specificity: 78.6%) in response to an LR+ of 2.88. Conclusions The results demonstrate the potential utility for the PSUS as a diagnostic tool, with a level of smartphone use that users may perceive as non-problematic being a significant cut-off in terms of achieving beneficial levels of nature connectedness. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Richardson_Hussain_18.pdf
Size:
193.1Kb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Published PDF (Open Access CCBY)

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record