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dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Sally
dc.contributor.authorCalautit, John Kaiser
dc.contributor.authorAquino, Angelo I.
dc.contributor.authorNasir, Diana S. N. M.
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Ben
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-09T15:30:30Z
dc.date.available2018-02-09T15:30:30Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-31
dc.identifier.citationShahzad, S. et al (2017) 'Neutral thermal sensation or dynamic thermal comfort? Numerical and field test analysis of a thermal chair', Energy Procedia, 142:2189.en
dc.identifier.issn18766102
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.587
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/622115
dc.description.abstractNeutral thermal sensation is considered as the measure of thermal comfort in research, as when participants report feeling neutral regarding the thermal environment, they are considered as thermally comfortable. This is taken for granted, and although a few researchers have criticised the matter, still researchers use thermal sensation and the neutral point to assess the thermal conditions in their studies. This study questions the application of thermal neutrality and consequently poses a question on the findings of all the studies that only rely on it. Field studies of thermal comfort were applied in an open plan office in the UK in the winter of 2014. Participants were provided with a thermal chair and before and after using the chair, their views of comfort were recorded, including the ASHRAE seven point scale of thermal sensation, thermal preference, comfort, and satisfaction. The thermal environment was measured and compared against the ASHRAE Standard 55-2013. In addition, numerical modelling was also conducted to investigated the airflow and thermal distribution around the proposed thermal chair with a seated occupant. The results indicated that overall, 72% of the respondents, who did not feel neutral (thermal sensation) before or after using the thermal chair reported to feel comfortable and 65% reported to be satisfied. The results indicated that a neutral thermal sensation does not guarantee thermal comfort of the occupants and that thermal comfort is dynamic and other thermal sensations need to be considered. This study recommends the use of multiple methods (e.g. thermal, preference, decision, comfort, and satisfaction) to assess thermal comfort more accurately. Also, it questions the findings of any research that solely relies on thermal sensation and particularly on the neutral thermal sensation to assess thermal comfort of the occupants. The results also emphasised the importance of the application of numerical modelling in evaluating the thermal performance of the chair.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1876610217363439en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Energy Procediaen
dc.subjectThermal comforten
dc.subjectThermal controlen
dc.subjectNeutral thermal sesationen
dc.subjectThermal chairen
dc.titleNeutral thermal sensation or dynamic thermal comfort? Numerical and field test analysis of a thermal chair.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Nottinghamen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sheffielden
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Procediaen
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-28T16:33:42Z
html.description.abstractNeutral thermal sensation is considered as the measure of thermal comfort in research, as when participants report feeling neutral regarding the thermal environment, they are considered as thermally comfortable. This is taken for granted, and although a few researchers have criticised the matter, still researchers use thermal sensation and the neutral point to assess the thermal conditions in their studies. This study questions the application of thermal neutrality and consequently poses a question on the findings of all the studies that only rely on it. Field studies of thermal comfort were applied in an open plan office in the UK in the winter of 2014. Participants were provided with a thermal chair and before and after using the chair, their views of comfort were recorded, including the ASHRAE seven point scale of thermal sensation, thermal preference, comfort, and satisfaction. The thermal environment was measured and compared against the ASHRAE Standard 55-2013. In addition, numerical modelling was also conducted to investigated the airflow and thermal distribution around the proposed thermal chair with a seated occupant. The results indicated that overall, 72% of the respondents, who did not feel neutral (thermal sensation) before or after using the thermal chair reported to feel comfortable and 65% reported to be satisfied. The results indicated that a neutral thermal sensation does not guarantee thermal comfort of the occupants and that thermal comfort is dynamic and other thermal sensations need to be considered. This study recommends the use of multiple methods (e.g. thermal, preference, decision, comfort, and satisfaction) to assess thermal comfort more accurately. Also, it questions the findings of any research that solely relies on thermal sensation and particularly on the neutral thermal sensation to assess thermal comfort of the occupants. The results also emphasised the importance of the application of numerical modelling in evaluating the thermal performance of the chair.


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