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Environmental, social and economic growth indicators spur logistics performance: from the perspective of South Asian Association for regional cooperation countries.Khan, Syed Abdul Rehman; Jian, Chen; Zhang, Yu; Golpîra, Hêriş; Kumar, Anil; Sharif, Arshian; School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; School of Economics and Management, Chang'an University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710064, China; Department of Industrial Engineering, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran (Elsevier., 2019-01-04)This article examines the association between green logistics operations, social, environmental and economic indicators of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) countries. The research used GMM (Generalized Method of Moments) and FGLS (Feasible Generalized Least Squares) two methods to tackle the problems of heterogeneity, serial correlation and heteroskedasticity. The findings show that fossil fuel consumption is at the heart of logistics operations; the more fossil fuel and non-green energy resources that are used, the more negative effects on society and environmental sustain-ability result from this. A lower quality of transport-related infrastructure and logistics services is negatively correlated with fossil fuel usage, carbon emissions, health expenditure, greenhouse gas emissions and political instability of SAARC countries. Conversely, efficient customs procedures and greater information sharing among supply chain partners increase trade opportunities and also improve environmental sustainability in terms of minimum carbon emissions due to the shorter waiting and queue times involved. Further, the application of green energy resources and green practices can mitigate negative effects on social and environmental sustainability due to better logistics operations while improving financial performance in terms of higher GDP per capita, trade openness and greater export opportunities around the globe. As there is very limited research using green practices relationship with macro-level indicators in current literature, this research will assist both practitioners and policy makers to understand the roles of green supply chain and green logistics in enhancing environmental sustain-ability, social improvement and economic growth for a better future.
Is tourism really affected by logistical operations and environmental degradation? An empirical study from the perspective of Thailand.Zhang, Yu; Rehman Khan, Syed Abdul; Golpîra, Heris; Sharif, Arshian; Kumar, Anil; University of Derby; Chang'an University; Tsinghua University; Islamic Azad University (Elsevier, 2019-04-15)We do this research is to examine the relationship between tourism, environmental degradation, and logistics & transport-related operations in a time series data of Thailand from 2001 to 2017. The study employed the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) statistical method to study the short-term and longterm relationship between endogenous and explanatory variables. The research results indicate that logistics and transport-related operations positively correlated with inbound tourism. Because logistics and transportation provide foreign tourist easy access to tourist destinations/places, while fossil fuel and carbon emissions have negative effects on inbound tourism in the context of Thailand. On the other hand, a greater level of crime discourages international tourists to visit and strongly negatively associated with inbound tourism both in the short-run and long-run. This research concludes with the importance of the logistics and transport sector that deem it is necessary to increase international tourists' arrivals and enhance the quality of inbound tourism. In addition, governmental authorities should enforce green practices in logistical and transport-related operations, and need to increase tourist safety and security, which may mitigate harmful effects on environmental sustainability, reduces criminal activities and also will attract foreign tourists respectively.