• Aerospace industry in México and biofuels: a sustainability approach

      Rocha-Lona, L., Muñoz-Sanchez, C., Garza-Reyes, J.A., Kumar, V., Lopez-Torres, G.C.; University of Derby (ET Pub, 2019-03)
      The development of the aerospace industry in Mexico shows potential growth measured through the levels of state investment and the arrival of several international manufacturers to set up manufacturing production because of advantages offered by the country’s proximity to North America and its international trade agreements with the European Union and some Asian countries, which are considered to be the biggest markets in this sector. Very high demand is expected for jet fuels in the coming decades due to intense global economic activity. Under this context, the Mexican government has developed infrastructure and several programs aimed at developing sustainable longterm biofuels for the industry. The objective of this research is to provide a literature review of the aerospace industry and the main biofuel crops currently deployed for this industry (mainly transportation). The main results show a promising and innovative industry fostered by public and private investments motivated by Mexico’s recent regulatory changes in the energy sector. The main raw material crops for the production of biofuel in Mexico are Jatropha, sunflower, canola, and palm oils, all of which present significant advantages with production in Mexican soils. Important challenges remain, however, for continued development of capabilities in R&D, manufacturing production, supply chain optimization, and market development for biofuels.
    • A lean six sigma framework for continuous and incremental improvement in the oil and gas sector

      Nascimento, D. L. M; Goncalvez Quelhas, O. L.; Gusmão Caiado, R. G.; Tortorella, Guilherme; Garza-Reyes, J. A.; Rocha-Lona, L., Muñoz-Sanchez, C., Garza-Reyes, J.A., Kumar, V., Lopez-Torres, G.C.; University of Derby; Federal Fluminense University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil; Instituto Politecnico Nacional, ESCA Santo Tomas, Mexico City, Mexico (Emerald, 2019-09-19)
      This article aims to explore synergies between Lean Production (LP) and Six Sigma principles in order to propose a Lean Six Sigma (LSS) framework for continuous and incremental improvement in the oil and gas sector. The Three-Dimensional LSS Framework seeks to provide various combinations about the integration between LP principles, DMAIC cycle and PDCA cycle to support operations management needs. Design/methodology/approach - The research method is composed of two main steps: (i) diagnostic of current problems and proposition of a conceptual framework that qualitatively integrates synergistic aspects of LP and Six Sigma; and (ii) analysis of the application of the construct through semi-structured interviews with leaders from oil and gas companies to assess and validate the proposed framework. Findings - As a result, a conceptual framework of LSS is developed contemplating the integration of LP and Six Sigma and providing a systemic and holistic approach to problemsolving through continuous and incremental improvement in the oil and gas sector. Originality/value - This research is different from previous studies because it integrates LP principles, DMAIC and PDCA cycles into a unique framework that fulfils a specific need of oil and gas sector. It presents a customized LSS framework that guides wastes and costs reduction, while enhances quality and reduces process variability to elevate efficiency in operations management of this sector. The paper type is an original research that present new and original scientific findings.