• Analysis of critical success factors for implementing industry 4.0 integrated circular supply chain – moving towards sustainable operations

      Kumar, Anil; Choudhary, Sangita; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, Vikas; Rehman Khan, Syed Abdul; Mishra, Nishikant; University of Derby; BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India; University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; et al. (Taylor and Francis, 2021-10-05)
      Many threats, such as scarcity of sources and climate change, are forcing the business community to examine their commitment towards the environment and society. Because of this pressure, companies have started to implement long term sustainable practices into their operations. An example of this is the adoption of circular supply chain (CSC), Industry 4.0. How the integration of Industry 4.0 and CSC can be implemented to achieve sustainable supply chain operations is an important question for research. Very little discussion is available in current literature in this regard. This study objective is to analyse the critical success factors (CSFs) for this integration. A three-phase study framework has been utilized to achieve the objective. In the first phase, CSFs are identified through literature review and experts’ inputs; in the second phase, an empirical research is conducted for finalization of CSFs and in the last phase, influencing and influenced factors are identified by using Hesitant based Fuzzy DEMATEL. The analysis shows that in the adoption of CSC integrated with Industry 4.0 to achieve sustainability in supply chain operations, ‘knowledge of CSC and Industry 4.0’ is the most important factor followed by ‘top management commitment’. With the help of this research study’s findings, both theoretical and practical contributions are provided which further help the operation. This will assist supply chain managers in achieving sustainability in supply chain operations through an effective adoption of the integration of CSC and Industry 4.0.
    • Behavioural factors on the adoption of sustainable supply chain practices

      Kumar, Anil; Moktadir, Md. Abdul; Rehman Khan, Syed Abdul; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Tyagi, Mrinal; Kazançoğlu, Yiğit; University of Derby; University of Dhaka, Bangladesh; Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India; et al. (Elsevier, 2020-02-05)
      Sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) has become a popular research topic among scholars as evidence suggests it has significantly contributed to achieve more environmentally conscious and socially responsible supply chains. Operational excellence (OE), on the other hand, can be achieved by incorporating SSCM practices within existing supply chain operations. However, due to human expertise, involvement and commitment towards excelling at sustainable and operational performance, the effective deployment of SSCM practices now depends on various humanbased behavioural factors (BFs). Human behaviour is dynamic in nature and hence has an effect on the implementation of SSCM practices. Nevertheless, research on BFs in view of SSCM practices is limited. To fill this knowledge gap, this study examines the nature of BFs for SSCM practices towards OE in supply chains, particularly within the context of the footwear industry of Bangladesh. In the first phase, the BFs were identified and determined through a literature review and empirical investigation. In the second phase, the Hesitant Fuzzy DEMATEL method was used to establish the cause-effect relationships among the factors. The influence of group validation by experts and a literature survey, along with managerial implications, was discussed and explained in the third phase of the study. The results suggest that the factor, 'organisation culture' is the most influencing behavioural factor, followed by 'commitment from higher authority'. Both theoretical and practical contributions of the study are drawn from its findings, helping footwear industry managers to more effectively adopt SSCM practices in the supply chain operations of their organisations to achieve OE.
    • Is tourism really affected by logistical operations and environmental degradation? An empirical study from the perspective of Thailand.

      Zhang, Yu; Rehman Khan, Syed Abdul; Golpîra, Heris; Sharif, Arshian; Kumar, Anil; University of Derby; Chang'an University; Tsinghua University; Islamic Azad University (Elsevier, 2019-04-15)
      We do this research is to examine the relationship between tourism, environmental degradation, and logistics & transport-related operations in a time series data of Thailand from 2001 to 2017. The study employed the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) statistical method to study the short-term and longterm relationship between endogenous and explanatory variables. The research results indicate that logistics and transport-related operations positively correlated with inbound tourism. Because logistics and transportation provide foreign tourist easy access to tourist destinations/places, while fossil fuel and carbon emissions have negative effects on inbound tourism in the context of Thailand. On the other hand, a greater level of crime discourages international tourists to visit and strongly negatively associated with inbound tourism both in the short-run and long-run. This research concludes with the importance of the logistics and transport sector that deem it is necessary to increase international tourists' arrivals and enhance the quality of inbound tourism. In addition, governmental authorities should enforce green practices in logistical and transport-related operations, and need to increase tourist safety and security, which may mitigate harmful effects on environmental sustainability, reduces criminal activities and also will attract foreign tourists respectively.