• Impact of I4.0 Technologies and their Interoperability on Performance: Future Pathways for Supply Chain Resilience Post-COVID-19

      Frederico, G.F.; Kumar, V; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, A; Agrawal, R; Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil; University of the West of England; University of Derby; London Metropolitan University; National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, India (Emerald, 2021-10-05)
      This study aims to investigate the impact of I4.0’s technologies and their interoperability on Supply Chains (SCs) performance and how the integration of such technologies and their interoperability can create pathways for SCs resilience post-COVID-19. This is of paramount importance in the context of COVID-19 as the investigation around I4.0 technologies may provide relevant insights on how SCs may better respond to unexpected situations like the current pandemic with the use of digital technologies. A survey research method was designed based on some constructs extracted from the literature regarding the main disruptive technologies, interoperability, elements of Supply Chains Processes (SCPs) performance such as integration, collaboration, transparency, efficiency, responsiveness, and profitability. The data were collected from March-July 2020 from different regions of the world when the peak of the first wave of the pandemic had occurred. The survey resulted in 115 valid responses. The study employed a combination of descriptive, correlation and multiple regression methods to analyse the data. The study indicates that disruptive technologies significantly impact SCPs performance (integration, collaboration, responsiveness, and transparency) and their resilience. The findings did not support the notion that these technologies improve the efficiency of SCs, a significant contrast to the existing literature. Our findings also refute the existing understanding that interoperability moderates the impact of disruptive technologies on SCPs performance and enhancing the resilience of SCs. However, the findings show that the integration of I4.0 technologies and their interoperability has a positive impact on SCPs profitability. The findings strongly advocate that this integration plays an important role in improving SC performance, and a future pathway of supply chain resiliency post-COVID-19. Considering that the I4.0 trend will impact SCs in the coming years, this study brings a relevant contribution to researchers and practitioners. This study makes a unique contribution by investigating a novel causal relationship between the main elements (I4.0 technologies, interoperability, processes performance, and strategic outcomes) related to the SC in this new context.
    • Nexus of circular economy and sustainable performance in the era of digitalization

      Agrawal, Rohit; Wankhede, Vishal Ashok; Kumar, Anil; Upadhyay, Arvind; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, India; Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gandhinagar, India; London Metropolitan University; University of Brighton; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-04-01)
      This study aims to conduct a comprehensive review and network-based analysis by exploring future research directions in the nexus of circular economy (CE) and sustainable business performance (SBP) in the context of digitalization. A systematic literature review methodology was adopted to present the review in the field of CE and SBP in the era of digitalization. WOS and SCOPUS databases were considered in the study to identify and select the articles. The bibliometric study was carried out to analyze the significant contributions made by authors, various journal sources, countries and different universities in the field of CE and SBP in the era of digitalization. Further, network analysis is carried out to analyze the collaboration among authors from different countries. The study revealed that digitalization could be a great help in developing sustainable circular products. Moreover, the customers' involvement is necessary for creating innovative sustainable circular products using digitalization. A move toward the product-service system was suggested to accelerate the transformation toward CE and digitalization. The paper discusses digitalization and CE practices' adoption to enhance the SP of the firms. This work's unique contribution is the systematic literature analysis and bibliometric study to explore future research directions in the nexus of CE and SP in the context of digitalization. The present study has been one of the first efforts to examine the literature of CE and SBP integration from a digitalization perspective along with bibliometric analysis.