• The adoption of environmentally sustainable supply chain management: Measuring the relative effectiveness of hard dimensions

      Choudhary, Sangita; Kumar, Anil; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby; BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India; Government Polytechnic Jhajjar, Jhajjar, India (Wiley, 2020-07-28)
      Adopting green practices in supply chains contribute towards protecting the environment. For the successful adoption of Environmentally Sustainable Supply Chain Management (ESSCM), the dimensions related to technology, strategy and policy etc., termed as hard dimensions in the scholarly literature, play a significant role. However, the independent influence of these dimensions on ESSCM has not been previously studied. Therefore, the present study aims to fill this gap and evaluate the effectiveness of these dimensions. To do this, the most significant dimensions are identified through a thorough literature review and experts’ inputs. To determine their priority and cause-effect relationship, a combined approach of Best Worst Method (BWM) and Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) is used. The analysis indicates that ‘Total Quality Management’, and ‘Technologies for Cleaner Production’, are the most important causal dimensions and provides several insights to the decision-makers to formulate robust business strategies to the adoption of ESSCM.
    • The challenges of GSCM implementation in the UK manufacturing SMEs.

      Kumar, Vikas; Sabri, Shahruzzaman; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Kumari, Archana; Akkaranggoon, Supalak; University of the West of England; University of Warwick; Khon Kaen University; University of Derby (IEEE, 2019-01-31)
      The importance of green supply chain management has long attracted the interest of both researchers and practitioners in the industry. As environmental concerns are becoming one of the major issues discussed in the 21st century, countries with manufacturing as its principal economy contributor are always on the lookout for innovations and new approaches to balance both environmental considerations and profit making. The UK, being one of the top manufacturing countries in the world already considered green initiatives among their manufacturers. According to reports from the industry, large and international manufacturing companies from the UK have successfully implemented some green initiatives with significant improvements across the supply chain. However, the adoption of green initiatives is mainly focused on large companies rather the real backbone of the UK manufacturing industry, which is the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper therefore sets out to determine the implementation level of green supply chain among the SMEs. The paper adopts a mixed methods based approach and findings are based on 57 survey responses and 5 semi-structured interviews from UK manufacturing SMEs. The findings show that the level of GSCM implementation among the UK manufacturing SMEs is low compared to large organisations. Cost of implementing GSCM practices emerged as a key challenge faced by the UK manufacturing SMEs which was followed by the lack of knowledge within the organisation. This study thus adds to the limited literature on the manufacturing SMEs and provides evidence from the UK manufacturing sector on the adoption of GSCM practices.
    • A circularity measurement toolkit for manufacturing SMEs.

      Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Valls, Ailin Salomé; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Anosike, Anthony; Kumar, Vikas; University of Derby; University of Warwick; University of the West of England (Taylor and Francis, 2018-12-24)
      The development and adoption of the concept of circular economy in the last two decades have been remarkable. However, despite its widespread adoption, little progress has been made regarding its measurement, especially in manufacturing SMEs. This paper, therefore, proposes a Circularity Measurement Toolkit (CMT) which enables the assessment of the degree of circularity in manufacturing SMEs. A conceptual CMT framework, which provided the basis for the proposed tool and that defined the different types of circular practices and a classification or levels of circularity was developed from an extensive literature reviewed. To ensure the structure’s accuracy of the proposed CMT in terms of requirements to be measured, the monitoring process and actions involved, the tool was verified through a Delphi-study. Furthermore, its practicality was validated through a case study approach in a manufacturing SME. This paper contributes by filling a gap in the CE measurement field through the proposal of the CMT. Besides providing an evaluation of the degree of circularity in the practices of manufacturing SMEs, companies can also employ the proposed CMT to identify corrective actions or future efforts for the adoption of CE practices.
    • Developing a strategic sustainable facility plan for a hospital layout using ELECTRE and Apples procedure

      Vimal, K.E.K; Kandasamy, Jayakrishna; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Kumar, Anil; Šaparauskas, Jonas; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Trinkūnienė, Eva; National Institute of Technology, Patna, Bihar, India; VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India; London Metropolitan University; et al. (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press, Lithuania, 2020-11-23)
      Today healthcare globally is growing at a rapid pace and despite the huge technological advancement, healthcare still faces primitive challenges and hence results in the poor service and facility to the needy. Layout planning acts as one major reason which requires improvements for the effective and efficient working of the healthcare facilities. This research aims at optimizing several quantitative criteria related to economic, technology and society which are taken into consideration for the decision-making during the evaluation, analysing and selection of the best layout for an existing healthcare facility. Critical areas for the improvement were found out using statistical analysis based on a survey questionnaire and Apple’s layout procedure is utilised to design the different possible layouts for an efficient facility. The seven criteria namely inter-departmental satisfactory level, the average distance travelled and the average time required for staff flow, the average distance travelled and the average time required for patient flow, the average distance travelled and the average time required for material flow were taken into consideration. The ELECTRE methodology was used as multi-criteria decision making based on decided seven criteria for comparing the different layout by methodical and orderly thinking.
    • Improving the reliability of warehouse operations in the 3PL Industry: an Australian 3PL case study.

      Dieu Ho, Thi Hien; Daniel, Jay; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, Vikas; International College of Management, Manly NSW; University of Derby; University of the West of England (IEEE, 2019-01-31)
      Warehouses play an important value-adding role to provide a competitive edge, support business growth and efficiency throughout their supply chains. This paper explores warehouse operations (i.e. receiving, put away, picking, packing and shipping) and a series of challenges faced in managing warehouse operations in general and the 3PL industry in particular. Especially, the paper analyses the warehouse and logistics operations of an Australian 3PL company. By utilizing a mixed method approach both qualitative and quantitative data was gathered through in-depth interviews, direct observations and warehouse operations records. The collected data were then analyzed using thematic analysis. The data was screened and coded to further develop major themes to identify the problematic areas. This analysis helped to identify issues in operations related to the receiving process, missing, picking and locating items as well as human errors. While multiple approaches could be utilized to improve the operations, there yet remained a major challenge to manage operations within the planned budgetary limits. This research, therefore, provides some solutions/recommendations to improve the case company’s warehouse operations through staff empowerment, management process improvement, order dispatch and return process improvement, improvement in record keeping, and recruiting more personnel. These recommendations ensure company’s efficiency while balancing its challenges both in operations and budgetary constraints. This study thus provides an evidence to improve the reliability of warehouse operations through systematic process improvement.
    • Innovation and growth in family-owned Mexican SMEs.

      Maldonado-Guzman, Gonzalo; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Pinzon-Castro, Sandra Yesenia; Mejia-Trejo, Juan; Kumar, Vikas; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Autonomous University of Aguascalientes; University of Derby; University of Guadalajara; University of West England (IEOM Society, 2018-03)
      This paper studies the relationship between innovation and the level of growth in family-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this is done within the context of Mexico. The conceptual framework of analysis is based on the hypothesis that innovation in products, processes and management systems contribute to the achievement of growth in family-owned SMEs. To test this hypothesis, a model of structural equation of second order was developed with data collected from 206 family-owned SMEs located in the state of Aguascalientes, Mexico. The empirical evidence provided by the analysis supports the hypothesis, showing that family-owned SMEs that increase their innovation activities will also significantly increase their opportunities for growth. This finding can be used to inform the business growth strategies formulated by the owners, or managers, of family-owned SEMs. These also indicate policy-makers that by designing effective policies and providing incentives to support innovation in family-owned SMEs, the government would not only contribute to the growth of these organisations but also to the growth of their regions and countries. Despite the importance of innovation and family-owned SMEs, evidence suggests that studies focused on investigating innovation in this type of organisations are very limited. This paper fills this gap by providing a refined understanding of the relationship between innovation and growth in family-owned SMEs.
    • Investigating the benefits and challenges of the implementation of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 in the aerospace industry.

      Pratama, Noviya Ayu; Kumar, Vikas; Kumari, Archana; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of the West of England; University of Derby (IEOM Society, 2018-03)
      Aerospace companies implement certain quality management and environmental standards, e.g. ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 requirements specific to the aerospace industry. The big question is whether the implementation of the ISO standards has provided its hope for returns. The aim of this research is therefore to analyze the benefits and challenges of the implementation of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 in the aerospace industry. This study aims to investigate two underlying subjects – quality management and environmental management, and explore how they influence firm performance and how they are implemented in the aerospace industry. Nine participants from different aerospace companies were interviewed. The results suggest that these companies were put under pressure internally and externally by the customers for pursuing the certification. Major factors that affect the implementation include size of company, employee participation, and company commitment. It also discovered that ISO 14001 seems to mainly impact the managers and employees related to environmental work. This study found that the larger the company size, the more sensitive it becomes toward customer pressure on commitment to sustainability.
    • A lean implementation framework for the mining industry.

      Seifullina, Aziza; Er, Ahmet; Nadeem, Simon Peter; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Kumar, Vikas; University of Warwick; University of Derby; University of the West of England (International Federation of Automatic Control, 2018-06)
      The adoption of Lean concepts beyond the manufacturing sector has been increasing recently. In this line, its scope has been expanded to the mining industry under the realisation of the need for productivity improvements and a leverage for efficient operations. Limited research exists regarding Lean implementation in the mining industry in a comprehensive and structured way. This paper therefore follows a systematic approach to review the current literature to identify Lean implementation patterns in the mining sector, its scope, challenges, and limitations. The results reveal the limited utilisation of Lean and that there is a lack of coherent and conceptual models to guide the implementation of Lean in this industry. Hence, the research proposes a framework for Lean implementation in the mining industry.
    • Lean manufacturing adoption in the transport and logistics sector of Thailand – An exploratory study.

      Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Tangkeow, Sarita; Kumar, Vikas; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby; University of Warwick; University of West England (IEOM Society, 2018-03)
      This paper investigates the adoption status of lean manufacturing (LM) in the transport and logistics sector of Thailand. A survey questionnaire was design, validated and distributed among Thai transport and logistics companies. In total, 120 useable responses were received and analysed using descriptive statistics. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of LM is relatively high, with PDCA, 5S and root cause analysis being the most implemented LM approaches and tools. However, the LM’s implementation was found to be mainly contained within individual departments or improvement projects, rather than being a company’s wide strategy. Main challenges to LM implementation included: organisational structure of companies, misalignment between goals of individuals and their companies, and lack of sustainment of a lean culture. Main benefits were the ability to identify and reduce waste, increased productivity and better organisation of workstations. On the other hand, lack of understanding, knowledge and expertise in LM were the main reasons for not implementing it, plus the use of technology-based tools instead of LM. Non-LM companies showed interest in adopting LM in the future, with JIT, Kaizen and Six Sigma being the most likely to implement. This study is among the very first of its kind. It offers academics, researchers and practitioners interested in LM and/or the transport and logistics sector with some initial evidence of the adoption of LM in this industrial sector of Thailand.
    • Lean manufacturing and environmental performance – exploring the impact and relationship

      Nadeem, Simon Peter; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Leung, Sin-Ching; Cherrafi, Anass; Anosike, Anthony; Lim, Ming K.; University of Derby; PAL Surface Treatment System Ltd.; Cadi Ayyad University; Coventry University (Springer, 2017-08-29)
      The relationship between Lean Manufacturing and Environmental Performance has attracted much debate but at the same time lack of empirical evidence leaves haphazard opinions on this matter. The objective of this paper is therefore to pro-vide some insight into the impact of Lean Manufacturing on Environmental Per-formance and the existing relationship of these two concepts. Four semi-structured interviews with industrial and academic experts provided a solid ground to suggest that the relationship does exist, despite the fact that these two concepts were developed independently from each other. Being the exploratory nature of this study and its purpose to ignite further research, it does not employ a quantitative approach. The results of this study can help managers to better un-derstand and concurrently tackle both the economic and environmental challenges faced by their organizations.
    • Spectrum of circular economy and its prospects in logistics

      Nadeem, Simon Peter; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Anosike, Anthony; Kumar, Vikas; University of Derby; University of the West of England (IEEE, 2017-07)
      The paper explores and reviews the concept of Circular Economy (CE) by conducting a systematic literature review (SLR) to develop an in-depth understanding of the growing trends of CE, its framework, implementation, and barriers. The overview of published literature is pigeon-holed under 10 dimensions. Furthermore, the paper explores the attention given to the Logistics sector from the perspective of Circular Economy and highlights the need for in-depth research to develop new frameworks/models for CE’s implementation in the Logistics sector to establish Circular Logistics as an outcome.