• Evaluating innovation capabilities of real estate firms: a combined fuzzy delphi and dematel approach.

      Kumar, Anil; Kaviani, Mohamad Amin; Hafezalkotob, Ashkan; Zavadskas, Edmundas Kazimieras; University of Derby; Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran; Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran; Vilnius Gediminas Technical University; BML Munjal University; Islamic Azad University; et al. (Taylor and Francis., 2017-12-20)
      Due to strong competition, numerous technology advancements and the monetary policy of the government, the survival of Indian real estate firms now depends on their capacity to measure their existing innovation capabilities, rebuild them and adopt new ones. The aim of this study is to evaluate the technology and human resources innovation capabilities of Indian real estate firms by applying fuzzy Delphi and DEMATEL techniques. After identifying the innovation capabilities through an extensive literature review, a questionnaire is designed based on fuzzy linguistic scales to manage any vagueness of information received. Data has been collected from experts in the field, with capabilities then finalized by using a fuzzy Delphi method. To establish cause-effect relationships among capabilities, a DEMATEL method is applied to the data collected from a second questionnaire. Analysis of the data divides capabilities into two groups i.e. cause and effect. The results show that innovation management, robustness of product and process design capability, strategic planning and knowledge resources fall in the cause group; these are critical findings given the effect on the other capabilities. The study outcomes can help real estate firms to enhance their capabilities with the proposed model providing guidelines and direction in this regard.
    • An integrated framework for evaluating the barriers to successful implementation of reverse logistics in the automotive industry

      Kaviani, Mohamad Amin; Madjid, Tavana; Kumar, Anil; Jerzy, Michnik; Raziyeh, Niknam; Elaine Aparecida, Regiani de Campos; University of Cyprus; La Salle University, Philadelphia, USA; University of Derby; University of Economics, Katowice, Poland; et al. (Elsevier, 2020-07-07)
      Reverse logistics (RL) strategy can have a positive impact on productivity, and the diminishing resources, along with the strict environmental regulations, have strengthened the need for this strategy. The purpose of this study is to develop an integrated framework for identifying: (1) the critical barriers to the successful implementation of RL in the automotive industry; (2) the importance and implementation priorities of these barriers; and (3) the causal relations among them. The proposed framework is composed of the Delphi method to identify the most relevant barriers, the best-worst method (BWM) to determine their importance, and the weighted influence non-linear gauge system (WINGS) to analyze their causal relationships. The proposed framework is applied to a case study in the automotive industry. The results indicate the economic barriers are the most important, and the knowledge barriers are the least important barriers to the successful implementation of RL in the automotive industry.
    • Investigating the role of social media in polio prevention in India: a Delphi-DEMATEL approach

      Kumar, Anil; Kaviani, Mohamad Amin; Bottani, Eleonora; Dash, Manoj Kumar; Zavadskas, Edmundas Kazimieras; BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India; Islamic Azad University; University of Parma; Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management; Vilnius Gediminas Technical University; et al. (Emerald, 2018-05-08)
      Abstract Purpose- This study aims to evaluate the role of social media (SM) tools in the polio prevention in an Indian context, using a hybrid Delphi-DEMATEL approach. Design/methodology/approach- A preliminary list of suitable evaluation criteria was derived from an extensive literature review. Ten experts were then contacted to collect data and finalize the most prominent criteria using the Delphi method. To establish cause-effect relationships among the criteria, further data were collected from twenty-one experts. The decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method was applied to process and interpret the data collected. Findings- The analysis grouped criteria into two sets, i.e. cause and effect. The results show that awareness of social cause and government utilization of resources fall into the cause group; these elements are critical since both directly affect the remaining criteria. These outcomes can help government and businesses to utilize SM for public health surveillance, e.g. to promote schemes/initiatives through sites concerning polio or related health issues. Practical implications- The findings of this research are useful for governments and individual companies to conceive their marketing initiatives akin to polio prevention issues using SM. Originality/value- Despite the emergence of SM, there has been little discussion in existing literature on their role for polio prevention; however, measuring such role could be useful in practice, to help decision makers (DMs) exploiting the potential of SM in the healthcare context. To fill this gap, this study aims to measure the role of SM in polio prevention in the Indian context and to create a cause-effect evaluation model. Using an integrated Delphi-DEMATEL framework for decision-making in the healthcare context is another novelty of this study.