• Commutation of permanent-magnet synchronous AC motors for military and traction applications

      Stewart, Paul; Kadirkamanathan, Visakan; University of Sheffield (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2003-06-05)
      The permanent-magnet ac (PMAC) motor requires accurate position information to be supplied to the controller so that the applied currents can be modulated in synchronism with the rotor. In the flux-weakening region of operation, accurate rotor position information is critical to control the relative phase of the applied stator voltages. The design of controllers, which can operate without direct position feedback, have been the subject of intense development. The most commonly cited justifications for the elimination of the absolute position encoder are those of cost, and the reduction of the overall dimensions of the motor. However, certain military specifications apply stringent constraints to the use of both sensors and estimation techniques. Absolute encoders are frequently prohibited for applications such as tank turret drives due to their relatively fragile nature. Fully sensorless operation has been the focus of development for all classes of electric motors, but again is precluded not only in certain military applications, but also in traction applications for a number of manufacturers.