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dc.contributor.authorGillen, Christopher T. A.
dc.contributor.authorBergstrøm, Henriette
dc.contributor.authorForth, Adelle E.
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-21T12:25:30Z
dc.date.available2017-01-21T12:25:30Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationGillen, C. T. A. et al (2016) 'Individual Differences and Rating Errors in First Impressions of Psychopathy', Evolutionary Psychology, 14 (4).en
dc.identifier.issn14747049
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1474704916674947
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/621281en
dc.description.abstractThe current study is the first to investigate whether individual differences in personality are related to improved first impression accuracy when appraising psychopathy in female offenders from thin-slices of information. The study also investigated the types of errors laypeople make when forming these judgments. Sixty-seven undergraduates assessed 22 offenders on their level of psychopathy, violence, likability, and attractiveness. Psychopathy rating accuracy improved as rater extroversion-sociability and agreeableness increased and when neuroticism and lifestyle and antisocial characteristics decreased. These results suggest that traits associated with nonverbal rating accuracy or social functioning may be important in threat detection. Raters also made errors consistent with error management theory, suggesting that laypeople overappraise danger when rating psychopathy.
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSageen
dc.relation.urlhttp://evp.sagepub.com/lookup/doi/10.1177/1474704916674947en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Evolutionary Psychologyen
dc.subjectPsychopathyen
dc.subjectPersonality differencesen
dc.subjectError management theoryen
dc.subjectFirst impressionsen
dc.titleIndividual differences and rating errors in first impressions of psychopathyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Southern Mississippien
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen
dc.contributor.departmentCarleton Universityen
dc.identifier.journalEvolutionary Psychologyen
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-28T15:24:33Z
html.description.abstractThe current study is the first to investigate whether individual differences in personality are related to improved first impression accuracy when appraising psychopathy in female offenders from thin-slices of information. The study also investigated the types of errors laypeople make when forming these judgments. Sixty-seven undergraduates assessed 22 offenders on their level of psychopathy, violence, likability, and attractiveness. Psychopathy rating accuracy improved as rater extroversion-sociability and agreeableness increased and when neuroticism and lifestyle and antisocial characteristics decreased. These results suggest that traits associated with nonverbal rating accuracy or social functioning may be important in threat detection. Raters also made errors consistent with error management theory, suggesting that laypeople overappraise danger when rating psychopathy.


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