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dc.contributor.authorRoe, Chris A.
dc.contributor.authorSherwood, Simon J.
dc.contributor.authorFarrell, Louise
dc.contributor.authorSavva, Louie
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Ian S.
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-25T16:24:33Z
dc.date.available2016-11-25T16:24:33Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.citationRoe, C. A., Sherwood., S. J., Farrell, L., Savva, L., & Baker, I. S. (2007). Assessing the roles of the sender and experimenter in dream ESP research. European Journal of Parapsychology, 22.2, 175-192.en
dc.identifier.issn0168-7263
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/621079
dc.description.abstractThis study explored the role of the sender in a dream ESP task by considering the effects of presence of a sender (sender, no sender) and the receiver’s expectancy that a sender was present. Forty participants each completed a sender and a no sender trial on consecutive nights by keeping a dream diary of all mentation they could recall when they awoke. The order of trials was randomised across participants. On no-sender nights a randomly selected video clip was played repeatedly from 2:00 until 6:30am; on sender nights a sender would also watch the clip between 6:00 and 6:30am and attempt to communicate its content. Both sender and no sender conditions produced above chance hit rates (30% and 35% respectively), but z scores for similarity ratings did not deviate significantly from chance (sender night: t(39) = 0.92, p = .18; no sender night: t(39) = 1.11, p = .14, one-tailed). There was no difference in performance in terms of sender conditions (z = -0.22, p = .41, one-tailed) or sender expectancy (z = -0.18, p = .46, one-tailed), failing to support the proposal that senders play an active role in dream ESP success. Possible improvements in the manipulation of participant expectancy are discussed.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEuropean Journal of Parapsychologyen
dc.relation.ispartofseries22en
dc.relation.ispartofseries2en
dc.relation.urlhttp://ejp.wyrdwise.com/EJP%20v22-2.pdfen
dc.relation.urlhttp://ejp.wyrdwise.com/en
dc.subjectParapsychologyen
dc.subjectDream ESPen
dc.titleAssessing the roles of the sender and experimenter in dream ESP research.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Edinburghen
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Parapsychologyen
dc.internal.reviewer-noteThis journal not on SHERPA. Publisher needs to b contacted as publisher's pdf has been submitted. SER 6/7/16 Approved without PDF and Publisher contacted for permission LA 2/8/16en
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-28T15:04:21Z
html.description.abstractThis study explored the role of the sender in a dream ESP task by considering the effects of presence of a sender (sender, no sender) and the receiver’s expectancy that a sender was present. Forty participants each completed a sender and a no sender trial on consecutive nights by keeping a dream diary of all mentation they could recall when they awoke. The order of trials was randomised across participants. On no-sender nights a randomly selected video clip was played repeatedly from 2:00 until 6:30am; on sender nights a sender would also watch the clip between 6:00 and 6:30am and attempt to communicate its content. Both sender and no sender conditions produced above chance hit rates (30% and 35% respectively), but z scores for similarity ratings did not deviate significantly from chance (sender night: t(39) = 0.92, p = .18; no sender night: t(39) = 1.11, p = .14, one-tailed). There was no difference in performance in terms of sender conditions (z = -0.22, p = .41, one-tailed) or sender expectancy (z = -0.18, p = .46, one-tailed), failing to support the proposal that senders play an active role in dream ESP success. Possible improvements in the manipulation of participant expectancy are discussed.


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