• Leadership and the low carbon economy

      Paterson, Fred; University of Derby (Springer/ Palgrave Macmillan, 2017-11-12)
      This chapter explores the nature of leadership for sustainability and questions whether there is a currently sufficient leadership capacity to have any realistic chance of accelerating the shift to a low-carbon (and ultimately green) economy. It mines empirical research from a variety of (disparate) literatures for useful insight into the type of leadership that could support our efforts to make this shift and highlights some of the ‘actionable’ concepts emerging from three largely discrete disciplines: socio-technical transitions, place-based (or civic) leadership and systems’ leadership. Finally, it argues that the new and distributed leadership skills and qualities required to support this system-wide innovation requires a strategic approach to building leadership capacity in cities and other localities that embrace the political, public service, community and business sectors (Hambleton and Howard 2012).
    • Live free or bribe: On the causal dynamics between economic freedom and corruption in U.S. states

      Apergis, Nicholas; Dincer, Oguzhan; Payne, James; University of Piraeus; Illinois State University; University of South Florida Polytechnic (Elsevier, 2012-06)
      We investigate the relationship between economic freedom and corruption using data from U.S. states covering almost a quarter of a century. Our study advances the existing literature on several fronts. First, instead of using subjective cross-country corruption indices assembled by various investment risk services, we use a more objective measure of corruption: the number of government officials convicted in a state for crimes related to corruption. Second, unlike previous studies, we exploit both time series and cross-sectional variation in the data in the estimation of a panel error correction model. The panel error correction model results show that in the long-run economic freedom, per capita income, and education have a negative and statistically significant impact on corruption whereas income inequality has a positive and statistically significant impact. The causality tests associated with the panel error correction model reveal bidirectional causality between economic freedom and corruption in both the short-run and long-run.
    • The long-term role of non-traditional banking in profitability and risk profiles: Evidence from a panel of U.S. banking institutions

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Elsevier, 2014-03-18)
      The goal of this empirical study is to identify empirically and on a panel basis how non-traditional bank activities affect directly the profitability and risk profiles of the financial institutions involved in such activities. Through a dataset that covers 1725 U.S. financial institutions involved in non-traditional bank activities spanning the period 2000–2013 and the methodology of panel cointegration, the empirical findings document that non-traditional bank activities exert a positive effect on both the profitability and the insolvency risk. The results could be important for regulators given they could serve as a pre-warning signal that sends a clear message to regulators about the potential systemic risk that exists within the financial markets.
    • Long-term unemployment: a question of skill obsolescence (updating existing skills) or technological shift (acquiring new skills)?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Apergis, Emmanuel; University of Derby; University of Huddersfield (Emerald, 2020-02-20)
      This paper empirically explores the role of skill losses during unemployment behind firms’ behaviour in interviewing long-term unemployed. The analysis makes use of the Work Employment Relations Survey in the UK, while it applies a Panel Probit Modelling approach to estimate the empirical findings. The findings document that skill losses during long-term unemployment reduce the likelihood of an interview, while they emphasize the need for certain policies that could compensate for this skills deterioration. For robustness check, the estimation strategy survives the examination of the same predictors under different types of the working environment. The original values of the work lie on combining for the first time both duration and technology as predictors of interview probability. Until now, the independent variables were used to test whether an individual has managed to exit unemployment, thus skipping the step of the interview process.
    • Macroeconomic rationality and Lucas’ misperceptions model: further evidence from 41 countries.

      Apergis, Nicholas; Miller, Stephen; University of Macedonia; University of Nevada Las Vegas (Elsevier, 2004-03-27)
      Several researchers have examined Lucas’ misperceptions model as well as various propositions derived from it within a cross-section empirical framework. The cross-section approach imposes a single monetary policy regime for the entire period. Our paper innovates on existing tests of those rational expectations propositions by allowing the simultaneous effect of monetary and short-run aggregate supply (oil price) shocks on output behavior and the employment of advanced panel econometric techniques. Our empirical findings, for a sample of 41 countries over 1949–1999, provide evidence in favor of the majority of rational expectations propositions.
    • Managing diversity and equal opportunities - some practical implications

      Foster, Carley; Newell, S.; Nottingham Trent University (2002)
    • Managing diversity and equal opportunities - some practical implications

      Foster, Carley; Newell, S.; Nottingham Trent University (2001)
    • Managing diversity and HR practice: challenges and constraints for the operational manager

      Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Nottingham Trent University (2003)
    • Managing diversity in organisations: easy to talk about but difficult to do

      Foster, Carley; Harris, Lynette; Nottingham Trent University (2003)
    • Managing higher education brands with an emerging brand architecture: the role of shared values and competing brand identities.

      Spry, Louise; Foster, Carley; Pich, Christopher; Peart, Sheine; Nottingham Trent University; University of Derby; Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK; College of Business, Law & Social Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK; Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK; Nottingham Institute of Education, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK (Taylor and Francis, 2018-07-25)
      Corporate branding is a strategic issue for universities as the global higher education (HE) marketplace is becoming increasingly competitive and there is pressure to differentiate. Yet it is unclear how universities develop and manage brand strategies, and whether they draw upon any meaningful connections to the multiple stakeholders and sub-cultures engaged with a university’s brand. Using qualitative data gathered from an education faculty within an established UK university, this study found the faculty and university had competing brand identities and images. A strong faculty brand emerged co-created through the shared teacher related values of staff and external partners. This study contributes to the brand strategy literature by applying branding concepts to the under-researched HE context and proposing a new, more nuanced brand architecture model not yet reported in the branding literature which more accurately reflects the management of sub and corporate HE brands.
    • Managing staff diversity in the retailing sector.

      Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2000)
    • Marketing care: a healthy challenge? Case study

      Resnick, Sheilagh; Cheng, Ranis; Brindley, Clare; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2010)
    • Marketing career transitions: women marketers embedded in the profession?

      Foster, Carley; Brindley, Clare; Wheatley, Dan; Nottingham Trent University (British Academy of Management, 2014)
      This qualitative study explores a UK sample of 25 women marketing professionals and how their career paths are reached and moderated over time. The research addresses the women?s reasons for moving from corporate marketing careers to self-employment in marketing and discovers that their career anchor is their embeddedness in the marketing profession which remains a constant throughout their career. This suggests that marketing talent is being lost to the corporate environment but not necessarily to the profession. It also suggests that the profession needs to acknowledge these career transitions when offering support to those practicing marketing.
    • Marketing women in Iceland: challenges of establishing a company

      Armannsdottir, Guja; Brindley, Clare; Foster, Carley; Wheatley, Dan (2014)
      Objectives: This paper explores the experiences of nine Icelandic business women who that have their own marketing businesses. In recent years more women graduated from Icelandic universities than men (Statistic Iceland, 2012a) where business and marketing studies have proved popular. Little is known though about the experiences of Icelandic women moving into self-employment in marketing, particularly in relation to challenges of setting up and managing their own business. Iceland provides a unique context as it is a small island with only 325.000 habitants (Statistic Iceland, 2014). The country was hit badly by the economic crisis in 2008 which is likely to have affected the career and business decisions of self-employed women. Prior Work: Marketing is considered to be a female-oriented industry but experiences of women working in marketing are an under-researched area (Maclaren and Catterall, 2000). In addition, Marlow et al.,(2009) called for studies focusing on the challenges of the entrepreneurial environment for women. Some of the challenges that women owning their own business have to face have been identified as capitalisation, working hours and location (Carter et al., 2001; Roper and Scott, 2009; Harding, 2006). These experiences will be discussed in this paper. Approach: This paper builds on work from a similar study already undertaken in the UK by Foster and Brindley (2010); Foster et al., (2011) and Wheatley at al., (2011) and their investigation of marketing businesses in the UK but explores the experiences in the novel context of Iceland which is a much smaller economy and often heralded as a beacon of gender equality (Petterson 2012; Acthenhagen and Tilmar, 2013). The study takes an exploratory, qualitative approach. Convenience sampling was used for the study with nine Icelandic women who owned a marketing business. All the interviews were conducted with the owner of the company using a set of questions around a priori themes drawn from the literature. The interviews took place in August 2013. Results: Preliminary analysis indicates that Icelandic women are cautious when it comes to capitalisation. They are quite reluctant to take out a loan to finance their business. In addition the majority seemed to work long hours, often nights and weekends. Full findings will be presented at the conference. Implications: These findings give the first account of experiences of Icelandic self-employed women in marketing and answers recent calls for studies in the field of marketing and the entrepreneur environment for women (Maclaren and Catterall, 2000; Marlow et al.,2009). Value: This paper provides an insight into the experiences of the Icelandic business women working in marketing. In addition it offers comparisons with previous studies conducted in the UK.
    • Marketing women: a sector experience

      Foster, Carley; Brindley, Clare; Nottingham Trent University (2010)
    • Marketing women: a sector experience

      Brindley, Clare; Foster, Carley; Wheatley, Dan; Kariv, Dafna; Nottingham Trent University (RoutledgeAbingdon, 2012)
    • Maximising women's potential in the UK's retail sector

      Harris, Lynette; Foster, Carley; Whysall, P.; Nottingham Trent University (2006)
    • Maximising women's potential in the UK's retail sector

      Harris, Lynette; Foster, Carley; Whysall, P.; Nottingham Trent University (EmeraldBradford, 2007)
      Purpose – A defining characteristic of the UK retail sector is the high number of women it employs but there remains an enduring under-representation of women in its management positions. The majority of women in the industry work part-time and this paper explores the factors that impact upon the career progression. Approach – One thousand questionnaires were completed by store staff in three leading retailers supported by interviews with store staff and SME retailers in the UK’s East Midlands region. Findings – The study revealed continuing barriers to career progression for women working part-time in retailing. Despite family friendly employment policies becoming an increasingly important feature of modern work organisations, career progression was informed by a traditional concept of a career based on full-time working. Research Limitations - the study was limited to one sector, there is a need for further studies into women’s career progression in other sectors reliant on female employment. Practical implications - the findings have implications for promotion policies, training and development provision and line management practices if retailers are to maximise the potential of the women they employ. Originality/Value – The findings, based on both quantitative and qualitative data, suggest that retailing is an industry where a significant number of women are working below their potential despite organisational policies supportive of diversity and equality of opportunity.
    • Mean spillover effects in agricultural prices: Evidence from changes in policy regimes

      Apergis, Nicholas; Rezitis, Antonios; University of Ioannina; University of Ioannina (Springer, 2003-02)
      This paper investigates the behavior of input, output, and consumer food prices under two different policy regime periods, before and after the reformulation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) occurred in May 1992. The findings, through Granger causality tests, support a different behavior in terms of the transmission from the input level to the consumer level and vice versa. This transmission occurs through the output level only for the post-CAP reformulation period, while it occurs in a direct manner over the first period. The results imply that the decrease of agricultural output prices, due to lower minimum support prices following the reformulation of the CAP, is transmitted through the output price mechanism in both input and consumer food markets.