• Gendered perceptions of sales staff in DIY retailing

      Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2004)
    • Gendered retailing: a study of customer perceptions of front line staff in the DIY sector

      Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (Emerald, 2004)
      This paper reports findings from a small scale study exploring the role gender plays in the interactions between customers and front-line staff in DIY retailing. Drawing on materials gathered through observations, informal discussions with staff and focus groups, this study suggests that “maleness” pervades many aspects of DIY retailing. For the respondents the image of the case retailer, B&Q, and the products sold had male connotations. Furthermore, male customers perceived male customer-facing staff to have better knowledge of technical DIY than female employees, even though this was not always the case. Given the rising interest from women in home improvements, it would appear that measures need to be put in place to create a more “inclusive” DIY store environment for female customers, and one that challenges the stereotypical assumptions held by many male home improvement customers.
    • Gendered retailing: a study of customer perceptions of front line staff in the DIY sector

      Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (Emerald, 2004)
      This paper reports findings from a small scale study exploring the role gender plays in the interactions between customers and front-line staff in DIY retailing. Drawing on materials gathered through observations, informal discussions with staff and focus groups, this study suggests that “maleness” pervades many aspects of DIY retailing. For the respondents the image of the case retailer, B&Q, and the products sold had male connotations. Furthermore, male customers perceived male customer-facing staff to have better knowledge of technical DIY than female employees, even though this was not always the case. Given the rising interest from women in home improvements, it would appear that measures need to be put in place to create a more “inclusive” DIY store environment for female customers, and one that challenges the stereotypical assumptions held by many male home improvement customers.
    • Global HR IT development teams as liminal teams

      Tansley, Carole; Williams, Hazel; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (2008)
    • Globalisation, economic growth and energy consumption in the BRICS region: the importance of asymmetries.

      Shahbaz, Muhammad; Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain; Alam, Shaista; Apergis, Nicholas; Montpelier Business School; COMSATS Institute of InformationTechnology; University of Karachi; University of Piraeus (Taylor & Francis, 2018-06-19)
      This paper examines the asymmetric impact of globalisation and economic growth on energy consumption in BRICS countries, applying the NARDL bounds approach to explore the presence of asymmetric cointegration across variables. The empirical results reveals that energy consumption is positively and negatively affected by the positive and negative globalisation shocks, respectively. A positive shock in economic growth promotes energy consumption, while a negative shock reduces energy consumption.
    • Good volatility, bad volatility: what drives the asymmetric connectedness of Australian electricity markets?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Baruník, Jozef; Lau, Chi Keung Marco; University of Piraeus; Charles University; Northumbria University (Elsevier, 2017-06-22)
      Efficient delivery of network services and the electricity infrastructure to meet the long-term consumer's interests are the main objectives and the strategies of a national electricity market, while the main interests of generators are to maximize their profit through pricing strategies. Therefore, the objective of this study is to explore whether electricity prices across the four Australian States display symmetric price volatility connectedness. The study is the first attempt in the literature to make use of intraday 5-min Australian dispatch electricity prices, spanning the period December 8th, 1998 to May 5th, 2016 to quantify asymmetries in volatility connectedness emerging from good, and bad volatility. The results provide supportive evidence that the Australian electricity markets are connected asymmetrically implying the presence of some degree of market power that is exercised by generators across regional electricity markets.
    • Green human resource management and environmental cooperation: An ability-motivation-opportunity and contingency perspective

      Yu, Wantao; Chavez, Roberto; Feng, Mengying; Wong, Chee Yew; Fynes, Brian; University of Roehampton; winburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, 3122, Australia; Chongqing Jiaotong University Xufu Dadao, Nanan District, Chongqing, China; University of Leeds; University College Dublin (Elsevier, 2019-06-18)
      This study examines the value of green human resource management (GHRM) in supporting environmental cooperation with customers and suppliers, and the moderating roles of internal green supply chain management (GSCM). A survey of 126 automobile manufacturers in China is analysed using moderated regression analysis, based on a proposed conceptual model grounded in ability–motivation–opportunity (AMO) theory and contingency theory (CT). The results reveal that GHRM is significantly and positively related to environmental cooperation with customers and suppliers, and that the relationships are significantly moderated by internal GSCM. HRM practitioners are advised to develop GHRM practices that provide training (ability), incentive (motivation), and conductive environment (opportunity) to help implement environmental collaboration, while SCM practitioners may improve internal GSCM to strengthen the effects of GHRM. This study clarifies key GHRM practices that contribute to GSCM, and advances related research by developing and testing an overarching model to explain such synergies and the moderating role of internal GSCM.
    • Greenhouse gas emissions convergence in Spain: Evidence from the club clustering approach

      Apergis, Nicholas; Garzón, Antonio; University of Derby; University of Seville (Springer, 2020-07-05)
      This study examines the convergence of greenhouse gas emissions per capita across the 19 Spanish regions using the Phillips-Sul club convergence approach over the period spanning from 1990 to 2017. The results indicate the existence of 3 clubs which converge to different equilibria and correspond to the same convergence clubs in terms of income per capita. These findings suggest that mitigation policies should take into account the existence of different clubs of regions with different convergence paths in terms of emissions.
    • Health behaviour convergence: evidence from fractional (long memory) convergence and British microdata.

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Wiley, 2017-03-05)
      This paper uses a fractional methodology to assess convergence in terms of differences in health quality measures, based on six primary criteria, across the English regions. Hence, it uses the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing database and the retrospective interviews from 16,894 participants, aged 50+, with data from three waves–2004/5, 2006/7 and 2008/9, to establish that health quality is characterized by divergences across six health quality criteria. When the overall sample is differentiated through income, education and employment, the evidence favors convergence, indicating that certain socioeconomic factors impose a uniform behavioral attitude of the population toward health quality criteria.
    • Health care expenditure and environmental pollution: a cross-country comparison across different income groups

      Apergis, Nicholas; Bhattacharya, Mita; Hadhri, Walid; University of Derby; Monash University; UAQUAP, Higher Institute of Management (Springer, 2020-01-03)
      This paper investigates the long-run dynamics between health care expenditure and environmental pollution across four global income groups. The analysis uses data from 178 countries, spanning the period 1995–2017. Panel estimations are employed with unobserved heterogeneity, temporal persistence, and cross-sectional dependence using a model with common correlated effects. The findings document that the health care expenditure is a necessity for all sub-groups. We established that a 1% increase in national income increased health expenditure by 7.2% in the full sample, and 9.3%, 8.6%, 6.8% and 2.9% for low, low-middle, upper-middle and high-income groups, respectively, while a 1% increase in CO2 emissions increased health expenditure by 2.5% in the full sample, and 2.9%, 1.2%, 2.3% and 2.6% across these four income groups. We recommend that coordinated approach is needed in setting policy goals both in energy and health sectors in mitigating the negative effects of pollution. Our findings indicate that low-carbon emissions and energy efficient health care services will significantly reduce future health care expenses.
    • Health expenses and economic growth: convergence dynamics across the Indian States

      Apergis, Nicholas; Padhi, Puja; University of Piraeus; IIT Bombay (Springer, 2013-11)
      In this paper we explore convergence of real per capita output and health expenses across the Indian States. The new panel convergence methodology, developed by Phillips and Sul (Econometrica 75:1771–1855, 2007), is employed. The empirical findings suggest that these States form distinct convergent clubs, exhibiting considerable heterogeneity in the underlying growth and health expenses factors. These findings should help policy makers in designing appropriate growth-oriented and/or health sector programs and setting priorities in their implementation.
    • How deviations from FOMC’s monetary policy decisions from a benchmark monetary policy rule affect bank profitability: evidence from U.S. banks

      Apergis, Nicholas; Lau, Chi Keung Marco; University of Piraeus; Northumbria University (Emerald, 2017-05-22)
      This paper aims to provide fresh empirical evidence on how Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) monetary policy decisions from a benchmark monetary policy rule affect the profitability of US banking institutions. It thereby provides a link between the literature on central bank monetary policy implementation through monetary rules and banks’ profitability. It uses a novel data set from 11,894 US banks, spanning the period 1990 to 2013. The empirical findings show that deviations of FOMC monetary policy decisions from a number of benchmark linear and non-linear monetary (Taylor type) rules exert a negative and statistically significant impact on banks’ profitability.
    • How do human rights violations affect poverty and income distribution?

      Apergis, Nicholas; Cooray, Arusha; University of Derby; Embassy of Sri Lanka in Oslo, Norway (Elsevier BV, 2019-11-13)
      Employing data for 125 countries and spanning the 1990–2014 period, we empirically examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty. We also investigate how aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights. The results suggest that stronger human rights records contribute to greater income equality, as well as to poverty reduction. The interaction of human rights with both ODA and trade show that as aid and trade flows increase, or alternatively as human rights records increase, ODA and trade flows reduce poverty and lead to greater equality in income distribution.
    • HRIS project teams skills and knowledge: a human capital analysis

      Williams, Hazel; Tansley, Carole; Foster, Carley; Bondarouk, T; Nottingham Trent University (IGI GlobalHershey, PA, 2009)
    • Identity ambiguity and the promises and practices of hybrid e-HRM project teams

      Tansley, Carole; Huang, J.; Foster, Carley; Nottingham Trent University (Elsevier, 2013)
      The role of IS project team identity work in the enactment of day-to-day relationships with their internal clients is under-researched. We address this gap by examining the identity work undertaken by an electronic human resource management (e-HRM) 'hybrid' project team engaged in an enterprise-wide IS implementation for their multi-national organisation. Utilising social identity theory, we identify three distinctive, interrelated dimensions of project team identity work (project team management, team 'value propositions' (promises) and the team's 'knowledge practice'). We reveal how dissonance between two perspectives of e-HRM project identity work (clients' expected norms of project team's service and project team's expected norms of themselves) results in identity ambiguity. Our research contributions are to identity studies in the IS project management, HR and hybrid literatures and to managerial practice by challenging the assumption that hybrid experts are the panacea for problems associated with IS projects.
    • The impact of economic freedom on the gender pay gap: evidence from a survey of UK households

      Apergis, Nicholas; Lynch, Nicola; University of Derby (Emerald, 2020-12-25)
      Purpose-Using survey datasets, this work explores the impact of economic freedom on the gender pay gap. Design/methodology/approach-The analysis combines Economic Freedom of the World data with the Understanding Society (USoc) Microdata series to determine the association between economic freedom, and its respective components, and the gap in pay between males and females in the U.K. Findings-The results document that economic freedom positively affects the gender pay gap. When the components of the index are considered, the findings indicate different effects of various types of policy, i.e. less government spending, stronger trade liberalization conditions and levels of corruption lead to higher gaps; stronger legal and property rights and a sounder money system have no impact on the gap. Moreover, a stronger impact in the manufacturing industry, part-time workers and those who work in the non-London regions is observed. The results survived certain robustness tests. Practical implications-The findings imply that reductions to government spending programmes can potentially aggravate the gap in hourly wages paid between males and females and should, therefore, be implemented. It may be also possible to provide females the training or education necessary to effectively compete in the workforce, before eliminating any spending programme they rely on.
    • Impact of economic policy uncertainty on CO2 emissions: evidence from top ten carbon emitter countries

      Anser, Muhammad Khalid; Apergis, Nicholas; Syed, Qasim Raza; University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China; University of Derby; National Tariff Commission, Ministry of Commerce, Islamabad, Pakistan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-02-08)
      Over the last few decades, economic policy uncertainty (EPU) has surged across the globe. Furthermore, EPU affects economic activities, which may also generate strong CO2 emissions. The goal of this study is to explore the impact of EPU (measured by the world uncertainty index) on CO2 emissions in the case of the top ten carbon emitter countries, spanning the period 1990 to 2015. The findings from the PMG-ARDL modelling approach document that the world uncertainty index (WUI) affects CO2 emissions in both the short and the long run. In the short run, a 1% increase in WUI mitigates CO2 emissions by 0.11%, while a 1% rise in WUI escalates CO2 emissions by 0.12% in the long run. The findings could have some substantial practical effects on economic policies through which policy makers try to shrink any uncertainty by organizing and participating in international summits and treaties. In addition, international organizations could also launch certain programs to shrink uncertainties associated with economic policy. Finally, these countries should introduce innovation, renewable energy, and enforce alternative technologies that are environment friendly. Overall, governments must provide strong tax exemptions on the use of clean energy, while R&D budgets should also expand.
    • The impact of fracking activities on Oklahoma’s housing prices: a panel cointegration analysis.

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Elsevier., 2019-01-08)
      Fracking drilling has opened a discussion on the role of technological developments in economies engaged in shale oil and gas formations. Oil and natural gas production opened new possibilities for employment benefits and housing prices decreases. This paper explores, for the first time, the impact of fracking on housing prices across Oklahoma’s counties, spanning the period 2000-2015. Through panel methods, the findings show a positive effect on housing prices, while this positive effect gains statistical significance only over the period after the 2006 fracking boom. The results survive a robustness check that explicitly considers distance and groundwater-dependency issues.
    • The impact of greenhouse gas emissions on personal well-being: evidence from a panel of 58 countries and aggregate and regional country samples.

      Apergis, Nicholas; University of Piraeus (Springer, 2016-10-14)
      This study investigates the link between personal well-being and per capita greenhouse gas emissions by considering a panel data methodological approach. The empirical findings illustrate that there is a significant effect of those emissions on personal well-being through the aggregate country sample. A robust finding is that similar results hold across regional samples, with the strongest effect being displayed in the case of the European regional component. The empirical findings are expected to carry important implications for consumers, corporations, and economic policy makers who all must take explicitly into consideration the impact of their economic decisions on the sustainability of economic growth plans.
    • The impacts of R&D investment and stock markets on clean energy uses and CO2 emissions in a panel of OECD economies

      Apergis, Nicholas; Alam, Md. Samsul; Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy; Fang, Jianchun; University of Derby; De Montfort University; University of Dundee; Zhejiang University of Technology (Wiley, 2020-09-14)
      The goal of this paper is to examine to what extent R&D investment and stock market development promote clean energy consumption and environmental protection across a panel of 30 OECD economies. Based on the IPAT theoretical approach, study employs robust panel econometric models which account for cross-sectional dependence in the analysis and uses annual data, spanning the period 1996 to 2013. The empirical results illustrate that R&D and stock market have a significant long-run equilibrium relationship with clean energy and CO2 emissions. The long-run elasticities display that R&D and stock market growth have a significant positive impact on clean energy consumption, while they have a negative effect on the growth of CO2 emissions. Given these findings, the paper suggests that the policy makers in the OECD economies should realize that it is worth investing in R&D activities as it is promoting the use of clean energy and ensuring low carbon economies. Therefore, the policymakers have to initiate effective policies to promote R&D activities and also encourage the firms that are listed in the stock market to adopt environmental friendly policies.