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dc.contributor.authorTeague, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-09T13:55:18Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-09T13:55:18Zen
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationTeague, M. (2011) Probation in America: Armed, private and unaffordable? Probation Journal, 58 (4):317en
dc.identifier.issn0264-5505en
dc.identifier.issn1741-3079en
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0264550511421518en
dc.description.abstractWhile America is renowned for its enormous prison industrial complex, less academic attention has been paid to the state of probation intervention. The probation population has long been rising more swiftly than the prison population, and one in 45 adults in the USA is now subject to community upervision. This article explores the development of American probation and considers a series of key contextual issues, including the fragmented nature of the US probation system and the philosophies which underpin it, supervision fees, privatization, and the arming of probation officers, in order to illuminate how the community corrections system functions. The Justice Reinvestment initiative is also considered, and the impact of budgetary pressures upon probation is taken into account.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSageen
dc.relation.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/608663en
dc.relation.urlhttp://prb.sagepub.com/cgi/doi/10.1177/0264550511421518en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Probation Journalen
dc.subjectAmericaen
dc.subjectCommunity correctionsen
dc.subjectPrivatizationen
dc.subjectFirearmsen
dc.subjectFeesen
dc.titleProbation in America: armed, private and unaffordable?en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside Universityen
dc.identifier.journalProbation Journalen
html.description.abstractWhile America is renowned for its enormous prison industrial complex, less academic attention has been paid to the state of probation intervention. The probation population has long been rising more swiftly than the prison population, and one in 45 adults in the USA is now subject to community upervision. This article explores the development of American probation and considers a series of key contextual issues, including the fragmented nature of the US probation system and the philosophies which underpin it, supervision fees, privatization, and the arming of probation officers, in order to illuminate how the community corrections system functions. The Justice Reinvestment initiative is also considered, and the impact of budgetary pressures upon probation is taken into account.


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