• Optimization of water content for the cryopreservation of allium sativum In vitro cultures by encapsulation-dehydration

      Lynch, Paul; Souch, Graham; Zamecnik, Jiri; Harding, Keith; University of Derby (CryoLetters, 2016-10)
      BACKGROUND: There is a general requirement to determine and correlate water content to viability for the standardization of conservation protocols to facilitate effective cryostorage of plant germplasm. OBJECTIVE: This study examined water content as a critical factor to optimize the cryostorage of Allium sativum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stem discs were excised from post-harvest, stored bulbs prior to cryopreservation by encapsulation-dehydration and water content was determined gravimetrically. RESULTS: Survival of cryopreserved stem discs was 42.5%, with 22.5% exhibiting shoot regrowth following 6 h desiccation. Gravimetric data demonstrated a correlation between water content corresponding with survival / regrowth from desiccated, cryopreserved stem discs. For encapsulated stem discs a 25% residual moisture and corresponding water content of 0.36 g H2O g-1 d.wt correlated with maximal survival following ~6.5 h of desiccation. CONCLUSION: The data concurs with the literature suggesting the formation of a stable vitrified state and a ‘window’ for optimal survival and regrowth that is between 6 – 10 h desiccation. Further studies using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) are suggested to substantiate these findings